Quick answer
"Forbid" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "prohibir", and "ban" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "prohibir". Learn more about the difference between "forbid" and "ban" below.
forbid(
fuhr
-
bihd
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to not allow)
a. prohibir
Sally's father forbade her from dating Jeremy.El papá de Sally le prohibió salir con Jeremy.
2. (to prevent)
a. impedir
Ryan's still in love with Lana, but his pride forbids him from calling her.Ryan sigue enamorado de Lana, pero su orgullo le impide llamarla.
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ban(
bahn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to prohibit)
a. prohibir
Many countries have banned guns for personal use.Muchos países han prohibido las armas para uso personal.
2. (to prevent from doing)
a. excluir
The coach banned Susan from the team because of her selfish attitude.El entrenador excluyó a Susan del equipo por su actitud egoísta.
b. prohibir
After starting a row, Peter was banned from joining the bar.Después de iniciar una pelea, a Peter le prohibieron la entrada al bar.
c. suspender
The star of the soccer team was banned for four months.A la estrella del equipo de fútbol la suspendieron por cuatro meses.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (prohibition)
a. la prohibición
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There's a ban on smoking in enclosed spaces.Hay una prohibición de fumar en espacios cerrados.
4. (exclusion)
a. la expulsión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Pedro's ban from the team was a great loss.La expulsión de Pedro del equipo fue una gran pérdida.
b. la suspensión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The committee has decided to reduce the player's ban from 8 to 6 years.El comité resolvió reducir la suspensión del jugador de 8 a 6 años.
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