Quick answer
"For" is a preposition which is often translated as "para", and "around" is an adverb which is often translated as "alrededor". Learn more about the difference between "for" and "around" below.
for(
fawr
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (intended for)
a. para
This rack is for carrying your boat.Esta parrilla es para transportar tu barco.
2. (used to indicate purpose)
a. para
He gave me a trip to Mexico for my birthday.Me regaló un viaje a México para mi cumpleaños.
3. (used to indicate destination)
a. para
She got on a plane for Santiago.Se embarcó en un avión para Santiago.
4. (considering)
a. para
The hotel was fine for what it cost.El hotel estaba bien para el precio.
5. (in exchange for)
a. por
I don't work for peanuts.No trabajo por una miseria.
6. (used to indicate duration)
a. durante
I worked there for two years.Trabajé allí durante dos años.
b. por
I've been waiting for 15 minutes.He estado esperando por 15 minutos.
7. (before)
a. para
This has to be done for Friday.Esto tiene que estar terminado para el viernes.
8. (in favor of)
a. a favor de
Not many people would be for raising taxes.No hay mucha gente que estaría a favor de subir los impuestos.
9. (used to indicate distance)
a. por
We walked for ten miles.Caminamos por diez millas.
10. (used to introduce an infinitive clause)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
A lot of problems had to be solved for the machine to work.Se tuvieron que resolver muchos problemas para que funcionara la máquina.
It was time for me to leave.Ya era hora de irme.
11. (representing)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The Y in YMCA stands for "young."La Y de YMCA es de "young".
What's French for "tree?"¿Cómo se dice "árbol" en francés?
12. (because of)
a. por
He's known for his bad temper.Es conocido por su mal humor.
13. (on behalf of)
a. para
He plays for Real Madrid.Juega para el Real Madrid.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Could you tell him for me?¿Podrías decírselo tú?
That's not for me to say.Yo no me meto en eso.
14. (in spite of)
a. a pesar de
For all the problems we faced, we finished the project on time.A pesar de todos los problemas a los que nos enfrentamos, acabamos el proyecto en el plazo previsto.
15. (on the occasion of)
a. para
We had fish for lunch.Comimos pescado para el almuerzo.
What are you doing for Christmas?¿Qué vas a hacer para Navidad?
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
16.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(because)
a. puesto que
They were hungry, for there was nothing to eat.Estaban hambrientos, puesto que no había nada que comer.
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around(
uh
-
raund
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (in all directions)
a. alrededor
He was looking around but couldn't spot us.Miraba a su alrededor, pero no nos localizó.
2. (in the vicinity)
a. por aquí
I know he's around somewhere.Sé que anda por aquí en algún lugar.
3. (in existence)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Email was not around back then; you would fax things instead.El correo electrónico no existía en ese entonces; las cosas se mandaban por fax.
There aren't many of us around.No somos muchos.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
4. (in all parts of)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The lion was pacing around his enclosure.El león caminaba en círculos por su recinto.
They showed us around their new house.Nos mostraron su nueva casa.
5. (encircling)
a. alrededor de
We gathered around the fire to tell ghost stories.Nos sentamos alrededor de la fogata para contar cuentos de fantasmas.
b. en torno a
The fans crowded around the actor to ask for his autograph.Los fans se apiñaron en torno al actor para pedirle su autógrafo.
6. (approximately)
a. aproximadamente
A flight to London typically costs around a thousand dollars.Un vuelo a Londres normalmente cuesta aproximadamente mil dólares.
b. alrededor de
Why don't you come here around five o'clock?¿Por qué no vienes para acá alrededor de las cinco?
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