Quick answer
"First" is an adjective which is often translated as "primero", and "second" is a noun which is often translated as "el segundo". Learn more about the difference between "first" and "second" below.
first(
fuhrst
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (ordinal number)
a. primero
The first time I ever had guacamole was in Guadalajara.La primera vez que probé el guacamole fue en Guadalajara.
b. primer (before noun)
The first chapter of the novel was the best.El primer capítulo de la novela fue el mejor.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
2. (ahead of others)
a. primero
I had to speak first in the meeting.Tuve que hablar primero en la reunión.
3. (before anything else)
a. primero
First, I would like to thank the organizers for inviting me.Primero me gustaría agradecer a los organizadores por haberme invitado.
4. (rather)
a. antes
You want me to give up my rights? I'd quit first.¿Quiere que renuncie a mis derechos? Antes renuncio.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (in dates)
a. el primero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The first of April is a day for pranks and jokes of all kinds.El primero de abril es un día para bromas y chistes de todo tipo.
6. (car gear)
a. la primera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We had to go up the slope in first.Tuvimos que subir la cuesta en primera.
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second(
sehk
-
uhnd
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (time)
a. el segundo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This car goes from 0 to 60 miles per hour in three seconds.Este carro acelera de 0 a 60 millas por hora en tres segundos.
2. (brief moment)
a. el instante
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Come here right this second!¡Ven aquí este instante!
b. el segundo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
That second, I decided to make some changes in my life.Ese segundo, decidí hacer algunos cambios en mi vida.
3. (in a series)
a. el segundo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la segunda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The first place winner finished two minutes before the second.El ganador del primer lugar finalizó dos minutos antes del segundo.
4. (in dates)
a. el dos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Today is the second of December.Hoy es el dos de diciembre.
5. (in a competition or dispute)
a. el segundo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(boxing)
The boxer's second tried to close the cut after a brutal round.El segundo del boxeador intentó cerrar la herida después de una ronda brutal.
b. el padrino
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(duel)
Who was Alexander Hamilton's second?¿Quién fue el padrino de Alexander Hamilton?
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
6. (ordinal number)
a. segundo
Our second option is to take a taxi.Nuestra segunda opción es tomar un taxi.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
7. (before a superlative)
a. segundo
They live in the second largest house on the block.Viven en la segunda casa más grande de la cuadra.
8. (in a competition)
a. en segundo lugar
Real Madrid finished second in the league to their eternal rivals.El Real Madrid terminó en segundo lugar por debajo de sus rivales eternos.
9. (in a series)
a. en segundo lugar
First, it's too expensive. Second, it's just a bad idea.Primero, es demasiado costoso. Y en segundo lugar, es simplemente una mala idea.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
10. (to agree with)
a. secundar
I second the notion that the law should be abolished.Secundo la idea de que la ley debe ser abolida.
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