Quick answer
"Find" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "encontrar", and "find it" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "encontrarlo". Learn more about the difference between "find" and "find it" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to recover)
a. encontrar
I found my glasses after hours of looking.Encontré mis gafas tras buscarlas durante horas.
b. hallar
They never found the wreckage of the stricken plane.Nunca hallaron los restos del avión siniestrado.
2. (to come across)
a. encontrar
They found an empty cabin and decided to rest.Encontraron una cabaña vacía y decidieron descansar.
b. hallar
The old woman's son found her dead in her bed.El hijo de la anciana la halló muerta en su cama.
3. (to discover)
a. encontrar
The police didn't find any evidence of fraud.La policía no encontró pruebas de fraude.
b. hallar
It took many years to find a cure for the disease.Tardaron muchos años en hallar una cura para la enfermedad.
4. (to consider)
a. encontrar
I find your conversation interesting.Encuentro interesante tu conversación.
b. parecer
Peter finds Christine very intelligent and beautiful.A Peter Christine le parece muy inteligente y muy guapa.
c. resultar
The truth is, I find the Chinese course quite difficult.La verdad es que el curso de chino me resulta bastante difícil.
5. (legal)
a. hallar
The judge found the defendant innocent due to a lack of evidence.El juez halló inocente al acusado debido a la falta de pruebas.
b. declarar
The vehicle's driver was found guilty of manslaughter.La conductora del vehículo fue declarada culpable de homicidio involuntario.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
6. (discovery)
a. el hallazgo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was a very important find in tracing the origin of our species.Fue un hallazgo muy importante en la búsqueda del origen de nuestra especie.
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find it
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to look for something)
a. encontrarlo (masculine)
I lost my textbook. - If you can't find it, you'll need to buy a new one.Perdí mi libro de texto. - Si no puedes encontrarlo, tendrás que comprar uno nuevo.
b. encontrarla (femenine)
I'm looking for my jacket. - I'll help you find it.Estoy buscando mi chaqueta. - Te ayudo a encontrarla.
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
2. (imperative)
a. encuéntralo (masculine)
We hid a present for you somewhere in the house. Find it!Escondimos un regalo para ti en algún lugar en la casa. ¡Encuéntralo!
b. encuéntrala (femenine)
I lost my invitation. - Find it, or you won't be able to go to the party.Perdí mi invitación. - Encuéntrala, o no podrás ir a la fiesta.
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