Quick answer
"Files" is a form of "file", a noun which is often translated as "el archivo". "Records" is a form of "record", a transitive verb which is often translated as "grabar". Learn more about the difference between "files" and "records" below.
file(
fayl
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (organizing object)
a. el archivo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He put all the documentation in the file.Puso toda la documentación en el archivo.
b. la carpeta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I forgot the file with the tickets at home.Se me olvidó la carpeta con los billetes en casa.
c. el clasificador
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Look for the form in the file.Busca el formulario en el clasificador.
2. (information)
a. el expediente
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The police kept a file on each of us.La policía tenía un expediente para cada uno de nosotros.
3. (computing)
a. el archivo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Copy the file into the desired folder.Copia el archivo en la carpeta deseada.
b. el fichero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The file is not readable.El fichero no se puede leer.
4. (tool)
a. la lima
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You can break out of jail using a file.Puedes escaparte de la cárcel con una lima.
5. (line)
a. la fila
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Please form a single file.Por favor, pónganse en fila india.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (law)
a. presentar
He filed a discrimination complaint.Presentó una queja por discriminación.
7. (to classify)
a. archivar
The judge filed the case.El juez archivó el caso.
8. (to smooth)
a. limar
It's important to know how to file your nails properly.Es importante saber cómo limarse las uñas correctamente.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
9. (to march)
a. desfilar
The soldiers filed past the authorities' podium.Los soldados desfilaron por delante del podio de las autoridades.
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record(
rih
-
kawrd
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make a recording of)
a. grabar
Elsa's father records all of her dance recitals with his camcorder.El padre de Elsa graba todos sus recitales de danza con su videocámara.
2. (to write down)
a. tomar nota de
The secretary recorded every word of the conversation.La secretaria tomó nota de cada palabra de la conversación.
b. anotar
We record the make, model, and license plate of every car.Anotamos la marca, el modelo y la matrícula de todos los coches.
c. registrar
The receptionist recorded the personal details of those attending.El recepcionista registró los datos personales de los asistentes.
d. dejar constar
I want my disagreement with the decision made by the committee to be recorded.Quiero dejar constar mi desacuerdo con la decisión tomada por el comité.
3. (to register)
a. registrar
Our instruments recorded an earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale.Los instrumentos registraron un temblor que medía 6.1 en la escala de Richter.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (written account)
a. el registro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There is no record of an employee with that name.No hay registro de ningún empleado con ese nombre.
b. la anotación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The explorer kept detailed records of every place he visited.El explorador hacía anotaciones detalladas de todos los lugares que visitaba.
c. el archivo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We've searched our records and were unable to find the requested birth certificate.Hemos revisado nuestros archivos y no pudimos encontrar la partida de nacimiento solicitada.
d. la nota
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Make a record of every single thing the accused says.Toma nota de cada cosa que dice el acusado.
5. (legal)
a. el acta
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Let the record show that the witness pointed to the defendant.Que conste en el acta que el testigo señalo al acusado.
6. (log of past performance)
a. el historial
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Steven had an admirable record at the company.Steven tuvo un historial admirable en la empresa.
b. el expediente
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We haven't received the records of several of the transfer students.No hemos recibido los expedientes de varios de los estudiantes transferidos.
7. (medicine)
a. el historial
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Where's this patient's record?¿Dónde está el historial de este paciente?
8. (criminal history)
a. los antecedentes
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The police tipped me off that she had a criminal record.La policía me avisó que ella tenía antecedentes penales.
9. (historical record; used with "on")
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I wish to place on record that I am opposed to this decision.Quiero dejar constancia de que me opongo a esta decisión.
The fire last week was the worst on record in our town.El incendio de la semana pasada fue el peor desde que se recopilan datos en la ciudad.
10. (top performance)
a. el récord
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Abby set a new record for goals in a season.Abby estableció un nuevo récord de número de goles en una temporada.
b. la marca
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The runner broke the world record for the marathon.La corredora batió la marca mundial de la maratón.
11. (music)
a. el disco
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My father has a collection of classic rock records.Mi padre tiene una colección de discos de rock clásico.
12. (memorial)
a. el memorial
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This statue serves as a record of the sacrifice made by the soldiers who lost their lives in the war.Esta estatua sirve de memorial del sacrificio hecho por los soldados que perdieron la vida en la guerra.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
13. (to make a recording)
a. grabar
Mr. Bowie, we're ready to record.Sr. Bowie, estamos listos para grabar.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
14. (notable)
a. récord
I found a shortcut and got home in record time today.Encontré un atajo y llegué a casa en tiempo récord hoy.
b. sin precedentes
Exports hit record levels last month.Las exportaciones alcanzaron niveles sin precedentes el mes pasado.
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