Quick answer
"Federal" is an adjective which is often translated as "federal", and "state" is a noun which is often translated as "el estado". Learn more about the difference between "federal" and "state" below.
federal(
feh
-
duh
-
ruhl
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (relating to the form of government)
a. federal
After living under a monarchy, the 13 colonies formed a federal system of government.Después de haber vivido bajo una monarquía, las 13 colonias formaron un sistema de gobierno federal.
2. (relating to the central government)
a. federal
Teachers are hoping that schools in the state will have access to increased federal funding.Los profesores esperan que las escuelas del estado tengan acceso a una mayor financiación federal.
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state(
steyt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (condition)
a. el estado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The breakup put her in a terrible state of depression.La ruptura la puso en un estado terrible de depresión.
The current state of the government is favorable.El estado actual del gobierno es favorable.
2. (stage)
a. el estado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Ice is water in a solid state.El hielo es agua en un estado sólido.
3. (political)
a. la nación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(country)
Russia is a proud state with a rich history.Rusia es un estado orgulloso con una historia rica.
b. el estado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(area within a country)
She lives in the state of Virginia.Ella vive en el estado de Virginia.
4. (government)
a. el estado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Smith said that the state was guilty of ill-treating its citizens.Smith dijo que el estado era culpable de maltratar a sus ciudadanos.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to declare)
a. declarar
He states that he is innocent.Él declara que es inocente.
6. (to present)
a. exponer
They stated all of the new rules to the employees.Les expusieron todas las reglas nuevas a los empleados.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (of political subdivision)
a. estatal
The park is state property.El parque es propiedad estatal.
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