Quick answer
"Famine" is a noun which is often translated as "la hambruna", and "feast" is a noun which is often translated as "el banquete". Learn more about the difference between "famine" and "feast" below.
famine(
fah
-
mihn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (lack of food)
a. la hambruna
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The Great Famine was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1852.La Gran Hambruna fue un período de hambre, enfermedad y emigración masiva que tuvo lugar en Irlanda entre 1845 y 1852.
b. el hambre
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There are groups of volunteers bringing food into the country to combat the famine.Hay grupos de voluntarios trayendo alimentos al país para combatir el hambre.
2. (scarcity)
a. la escasez
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There's a famine of job opportunities that is causing a mass migration.Hay una escasez de oportunidades de empleo que está causando una migración en masa.
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feast(
fist
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (extravagant meal)
a. el banquete
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A feast was prepared in honor of the war heroes.Se preparó un banquete en honor a los héroes de la guerra.
After the wedding, the father of the bride threw a feast to celebrate the newlyweds.Después de la boda, el padre de la novia preparó un banquete para celebrar a los recién casados.
b. el festín
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The neighbors held a feast to celebrate the construction of the new park.Los vecinos hicieron un festín para celebrar la construcción del nuevo parque.
c. la comilona
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
We had a feast on graduation day.Nos dimos una comilona el día de la graduación.
2. (religious)
a. la fiesta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We celebrated the feast of St. Catherine last weekend.Celebramos la fiesta de Santa Catalina el pasado fin de semana.
3. (abundance)
a. el derroche
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The jazz festival was a feast of talent.El festival de jazz fue un derroche de talento.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to regale)
a. agasajar
The president feasted the visiting dignitaries after the signing of the peace treaty.El presidente agasajó a los dignatarios visitantes tras la firma del tratado de paz.
The town feasted the returning soldiers.El pueblo agasajó a los soldados que volvieron.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to eat well)
a. darse un banquete
We feasted on a wide array of locally produced meat and vegetables.Nos dimos un banquete de un amplio surtido de carne y verduras locales.
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