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Quick answer
"Extranjero" is an adjective which is often translated as "foreign", and "exterior" is an adjective which is often translated as "outside". Learn more about the difference between "extranjero" and "exterior" below.
extranjero(
ehks
-
trahn
-
heh
-
roh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (from another country)
a. foreign
Se le nota el acento extranjero cuando habla.You can hear her foreign accent when she speaks.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (person from another country)
a. foreigner
Hay muchos extranjeros que viven en Nueva York.There are many foreigners living in New York.
b. alien (legal)
Con ese tipo de visa, los extranjeros pueden permanecer en el país por un tiempo limitado.With that kind of visa, aliens can stay in the country for a limited period.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
3. (foreign land or lands)
a. abroad
Mis abuelos nunca han viajado al extranjero.My grandparents have never traveled abroad.
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exterior(
ehks
-
teh
-
ryohr
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (located outside)
a. outside
La pared exterior necesita pintura.The outside wall needs painting.
b. external
Tenemos que aislar mejor las paredes exteriores de la casa.We need to insulate the external walls of the house better.
c. outer
No hay que cortar la capa exterior de la tela.The outer layer of the fabric must not be cut.
d. exterior
Descubre el mundo de la iluminación exterior.Discover the world of exterior lighting.
e. outdoor
El hotel cuenta con dos albercas exteriores y una techada.The hotel has two outdoor swimming pools and one indoor one.
2. (with outside view)
a. outward-facing
Decidimos comprar un departamento exterior.We decided to buy an outward-facing apartment.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Busco una habitación exterior.I'm looking for a room that faces on to the street.
Me dieron una habitación exterior en el hotel.The hotel room I was given faced onto the street.
3. (politics)
a. foreign
El país solicitó ayuda exterior tras el terremoto.The country requested foreign assistance following the earthquake.
4. (commerce)
a. foreign
Cada vez existen más regulaciones en el comercio exterior.There are more and more regulations relating to foreign trade.
b. overseas
El gerente exterior está a cargo de todas las ventas en Europa.The overseas manager is in charge of all sales in Europe.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
5. (external location)
a. outside
Los prisioneros tienen prohibido comunicarse con el exterior.Prisoners are not allowed to communicate with the outside.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
La mayoría de nuestros clientes están en el exterior del país.Most of our clients are based outside the country.
El estacionamiento de visitas está en el exterior de la privada.Visitor parking is located outside of the private driveway.
6. (outside surface)
a. exterior
El exterior del edificio es muy atractivo y el interior lo es también.The exterior of the building is very attractive, and the interior is too.
b. outside
El código se encuentra en el exterior del paquete.You'll find the code on the outside of the packet.
7. (way someone looks)
a. outward appearance
Su exterior refleja su paz interna.Her outward appearance reflects her inner peace.
8. (foreign countries)
a. abroad
La empresa abrirá sucursales en el exterior.The company is to open branches abroad.
b. overseas
Se enviará ayuda alimentaria al exterior.Food aid will be sent overseas.
exteriores
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
9. (film and television)
a. location (places)
Este equipo es muy útil para la grabación de sonido en exteriores.This equipment is very useful for recording sound on location.
b. location shots (sequences)
Fue todo un reto rodar los exteriores de la película.Filming the movie's location shots was quite a challenge.
c. outside shots (sequences)
El rodaje de la película fue rápido porque no hubo exteriores.Shooting the movie was quick because there weren't any outside shots.
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