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Quick answer
"Extender" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to spread out", and "recoger" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to pick up". Learn more about the difference between "extender" and "recoger" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to unfold)
a. to spread out
El águila extendió las alas y empezó a volar hacia su nido.The eagle spread out its wings and began to fly toward its eyrie.
b. to spread out
Extendimos el mapa sobre el suelo para buscar la mejor ruta para llegar a la cima de la montaña.We spread out the map on the ground to look for the best route to get to the peak of the mountain.
c. to stretch out
La niña extendió los brazos para abrazarme.The little girl stretched out her arms to hug me.
d. to open up
Mi madre extendió el periódico y empezó a leer.My mother opened up the newspaper and began to read.
2. (to scatter)
a. to spread out
Vació la caja de joyas sobre la mesa, extendiéndolas para que sus hijas las pudieran ver.She emptied the box of jewels onto the table, spreading them out so her daughters could see them.
3. (to broaden)
a. to extend
Recientemente, el gobierno extendió el derecho de matrimonio a parejas homosexuales.The government recently extended the right to marry to same-sex couples.
4. (to distribute)
a. to issue
No podremos extenderte un pasaporte sin los documentos necesarios.We won't be able to issue you a passport without the necessary documents.
b. to make out
Le di el anillo y me extendió un cheque por dos mil euros.I gave him the ring and he made a check out to me for two thousand euros.
c. to write out
El doctor se olvidó de extenderme una receta para la medicina que necesito.The doctor forgot to write me out a prescription for the medicine that I need.
5. (to smear)
a. to spread
Después de extender el tomate sobre el pan, le voy a poner un chorro de aceite.After spreading the tomato on the bread, I'm going to put a little bit of oil on it.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to occupy)
a. to extend
El terreno de mi padre se extiende desde la casa hasta los árboles que se ven a lo lejos.My father's land extends from the house to the trees you can see in the distance.
b. to stretch
La influencia del vasallo no se extiende tan lejos como para protegernos allí.The influence of the vassal doesn't stretch so far as to protect us there.
7. (to endure)
a. to last
La Edad Media se extendió más o menos desde el año 500 hasta el año 1500 DC.The Middle Ages lasted from about 500 to 1500 CE.
8. (to speak at length)
a. to expand on
Ya me he extendido demasiado sobre el tema. Es hora de terminar.I've already expanded too much on the subject. It's time to wrap things up.
9. (to propagate)
a. to spread
La peste se ha extendido hasta la frontera de Francia.The plague has spread to the border of France.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to lift up)
a. to pick up
Tuve que recoger todas las canicas que se cayeron al suelo.I had to pick up all the marbles that fell to the floor.
2. (to collect)
a. to gather
Es importante recoger toda la información necesaria.It is important to gather all the necessary information.
3. (to organize)
a. to clean up
Tenemos que recoger la cocina antes de la fiesta.We have to clean up the kitchen before the party.
4. (to fetch)
a. to pick up
¿Puedes venir a recogerme al aeropuerto el próximo domingo?Would you be able to pick me up at the airport next Sunday?
5. (to put hair up)
a. to put up
Ella recogió su cabello para la boda.She put her hair up for the wedding.
6. (to harvest)
a. to pick
¿Cuándo es el mejor momento para recoger fresas?When is the best time to pick strawberries?
7. (to contain)
a. to include
El documental recoge el testimonio de personas que fueron testigo de aquel escalofriante suceso.The documentary includes the testimony of people who witnessed that horrifying incident.
b. to show (image)
La fotografía recoge el instante en que el padre y el hijo se reencuentran.The fotograph shows the instant when father and son meet again.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
8. (to go to one's place)
a. to go home
Tengo que recogerme a las 9 pm.I have to go home at 9 pm.
9. (to go to sleep)
a. to go to bed
"Yo siempre me recojo muy temprano," dijo mi abuela y soltó un bostezo."I always go to bed very early," said my grandmother and she yawned.
10. (religion)
a. to withdraw
Cuando se quedó viuda, la condesa se recogió en un convento.The countess withdrew to a convent when she became a widow.
b. to retire
Después del desayuno, los monjes se recogen para meditar.After breakfast, the monks retire to meditate.
11. (clothing)
a. to lift up (skirt)
La muchacha se recogió la falda y metió los pies en el río.The girl lifted up her skirt and put her feet in the river.
b. to roll up (pants, sleeves)
Recógete las mangas de la camisa o te las mancharás de grasa.Roll up your shirt sleeves or you'll get them stained with grease.
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