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Quick answer
"Extender" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to spread out", and "expandir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to expand". Learn more about the difference between "extender" and "expandir" below.
extender(
ehks
-
tehn
-
dehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to unfold)
a. to spread out
El águila extendió las alas y empezó a volar hacia su nido.The eagle spread out its wings and began to fly toward its eyrie.
b. to spread out
Extendimos el mapa sobre el suelo para buscar la mejor ruta para llegar a la cima de la montaña.We spread out the map on the ground to look for the best route to get to the peak of the mountain.
c. to stretch out
La niña extendió los brazos para abrazarme.The little girl stretched out her arms to hug me.
d. to open up
Mi madre extendió el periódico y empezó a leer.My mother opened up the newspaper and began to read.
2. (to scatter)
a. to spread out
Vació la caja de joyas sobre la mesa, extendiéndolas para que sus hijas las pudieran ver.She emptied the box of jewels onto the table, spreading them out so her daughters could see them.
3. (to broaden)
a. to extend
Recientemente, el gobierno extendió el derecho de matrimonio a parejas homosexuales.The government recently extended the right to marry to same-sex couples.
4. (to distribute)
a. to issue
No podremos extenderte un pasaporte sin los documentos necesarios.We won't be able to issue you a passport without the necessary documents.
b. to make out
Le di el anillo y me extendió un cheque por dos mil euros.I gave him the ring and he made a check out to me for two thousand euros.
c. to write out
El doctor se olvidó de extenderme una receta para la medicina que necesito.The doctor forgot to write me out a prescription for the medicine that I need.
5. (to smear)
a. to spread
Después de extender el tomate sobre el pan, le voy a poner un chorro de aceite.After spreading the tomato on the bread, I'm going to put a little bit of oil on it.
extenderse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to occupy)
a. to extend
El terreno de mi padre se extiende desde la casa hasta los árboles que se ven a lo lejos.My father's land extends from the house to the trees you can see in the distance.
b. to stretch
La influencia del vasallo no se extiende tan lejos como para protegernos allí.The influence of the vassal doesn't stretch so far as to protect us there.
7. (to endure)
a. to last
La Edad Media se extendió más o menos desde el año 500 hasta el año 1500 DC.The Middle Ages lasted from about 500 to 1500 CE.
8. (to speak at length)
a. to expand on
Ya me he extendido demasiado sobre el tema. Es hora de terminar.I've already expanded too much on the subject. It's time to wrap things up.
9. (to propagate)
a. to spread
La peste se ha extendido hasta la frontera de Francia.The plague has spread to the border of France.
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expandir(
ehks
-
pahn
-
deer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make larger)
a. to expand
La mezcla de calor y levadura expande la masa en el horno.The combination of heat and yeast expands the dough in the oven.
2. (to increase)
a. to expand
El gobierno puso todos los medios a su alcance para expandir el mercado interno.The government used all the means available to expand the domestic market.
b. to enlarge
Estoy pensando en expandir el negocio para que todos mis hijos puedan vivir de él.I'm planning to enlarge my business so that all my children can make a living out of it.
3. (to disseminate)
a. to spread
El objetivo de mi academia es expandir la cultura y la lengua inglesas en España.The aim of my school is to spread English culture and language in Spain.
expandirse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to become larger)
a. to expand
El mercurio se expande con el calor y es por eso por lo que se utiliza en los termómetros.Mercury expands with heat which is why it is used in thermometers.
5. (to increase)
a. to expand
El mercado chino se está expandiendo y cada vez es mayor el número de empresas chinas en este país.The Chinese market is expanding and we see more and more Chinese companies in this country.
6. (to be disseminated)
a. to spread
En la actualidad, millones de personas estudian español, por lo que el idioma se está expandiendo.Millions of people study Spanish now which is why the language is spreading.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
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