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Quick answer
"Expedir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to send", and "extender" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to spread out". Learn more about the difference between "expedir" and "extender" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to ship off)
a. to send
La empresa dice que expidió el pedido el pasado lunes, pero yo todavía no lo he recibido.The company says they sent the order last Monday, but I haven't received it yet.
b. to dispatch
Para expedir ese tipo mercancía, tiene que rellenar este impreso.To dispatch that sort of merchandise, you need to fill out this form.
2. (to emit)
a. to issue (a passport or decree)
En este consulado, te expiden el pasaporte en el momento de solicitarlo.At this consulate, they issue your passport the same day you apply for it.
b. to draw up (a contract or document)
La empresa expide los contratos de los nuevos empleados el día mismo en que empiezan a trabajar.The company draws up the contracts for new employees the very day they start work.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to give an opinion) (River Plate)
a. to express an opinion
Cuando un personaje público se expide sobre un tema polémico, todos los medios se hacen eco.When a public figure expresses an opinion on a controversial topic, all forms of media echo it.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to unfold)
a. to spread out
El águila extendió las alas y empezó a volar hacia su nido.The eagle spread out its wings and began to fly toward its eyrie.
b. to spread out
Extendimos el mapa sobre el suelo para buscar la mejor ruta para llegar a la cima de la montaña.We spread out the map on the ground to look for the best route to get to the peak of the mountain.
c. to stretch out
La niña extendió los brazos para abrazarme.The little girl stretched out her arms to hug me.
d. to open up
Mi madre extendió el periódico y empezó a leer.My mother opened up the newspaper and began to read.
2. (to scatter)
a. to spread out
Vació la caja de joyas sobre la mesa, extendiéndolas para que sus hijas las pudieran ver.She emptied the box of jewels onto the table, spreading them out so her daughters could see them.
3. (to broaden)
a. to extend
Recientemente, el gobierno extendió el derecho de matrimonio a parejas homosexuales.The government recently extended the right to marry to same-sex couples.
4. (to distribute)
a. to issue
No podremos extenderte un pasaporte sin los documentos necesarios.We won't be able to issue you a passport without the necessary documents.
b. to make out
Le di el anillo y me extendió un cheque por dos mil euros.I gave him the ring and he made a check out to me for two thousand euros.
c. to write out
El doctor se olvidó de extenderme una receta para la medicina que necesito.The doctor forgot to write me out a prescription for the medicine that I need.
5. (to smear)
a. to spread
Después de extender el tomate sobre el pan, le voy a poner un chorro de aceite.After spreading the tomato on the bread, I'm going to put a little bit of oil on it.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to occupy)
a. to extend
El terreno de mi padre se extiende desde la casa hasta los árboles que se ven a lo lejos.My father's land extends from the house to the trees you can see in the distance.
b. to stretch
La influencia del vasallo no se extiende tan lejos como para protegernos allí.The influence of the vassal doesn't stretch so far as to protect us there.
7. (to endure)
a. to last
La Edad Media se extendió más o menos desde el año 500 hasta el año 1500 DC.The Middle Ages lasted from about 500 to 1500 CE.
8. (to speak at length)
a. to expand on
Ya me he extendido demasiado sobre el tema. Es hora de terminar.I've already expanded too much on the subject. It's time to wrap things up.
9. (to propagate)
a. to spread
La peste se ha extendido hasta la frontera de Francia.The plague has spread to the border of France.
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