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Quick answer
"Expediente" is a noun which is often translated as "record", and "investigación" is a noun which is often translated as "research". Learn more about the difference between "expediente" and "investigación" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (documentation)
a. record
El jefe del personal quiere revisar mi expediente académico antes de contratarme.The personnel manager wants to review my academic record before hiring me.
b. file
Por haber perdido el expediente del paciente, los doctores no pudieron realizar la cirugía.Because they lost the patient's file, the doctors were unable to perform the surgery.
2. (legal)
a. disciplinary proceedings
Al jefe acusado de acoso le incoaron expediente.Disciplinary proceedings were initiated against the manager accused of harassment.
b. inquiry
Se abrirá un expediente en cuanto a esas acusaciones.An inquiry will be opened in relation to these allegations.
3. (method)
a. measures
Ellos recurrirán a expedientes drásticos para ganar.They will resort to drastic measures to win.
b. means
No me importa cómo, pero lo haremos por cualquier expediente que sea necesario.I don't care how, but we'll do it by any means necessary.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
A word or phrase that is seldom used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another decade, (e.g. cat, groovy).
a. expedient
Yo estaba extremadamente agradecido que ella llegara en un momento tan expediente.I was extremely grateful that she arrived at such an expedient moment.
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A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (investigation)
a. research
Se ha realizado una investigación sobre la relación entre los perros y los niños.Research has been carried out about the relationship between dogs and children.
b. study
La investigación demuestra que las mujeres aguantan mejor el dolor.The study shows that women withstand pain better than men.
2. (probe)
a. investigation
Tras la investigación que he hecho te aseguro que Pedro te quiere.After the investigation I've carried out I can tell you Pedro loves you.
b. inquiry
La policía dice que la investigación los ha llevado al culpable del delito.The police stated that the inquiry brought them to the culprit of the crime.
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