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Quick answer
"Excluir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to exclude", and "recortar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to cut off". Learn more about the difference between "excluir" and "recortar" below.
excluir(
ehks
-
klweer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to leave out)
a. to exclude
La legislación anterior excluía a las mujeres del sufragio.The previous legislation excluded women from suffrage.
2. (to reject)
a. to rule out
Esa hipótesis del crimen suena disparatada, pero yo no excluiría ninguna opción.That hypothesis of the crime sounds absurd, but I wouldn't rule out any options.
b. to exclude
Los investigadores excluyeron la posibilidad de un suicidio.The detectives excluded the possibility of a suicide.
excluirse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to be mutually exclusive)
a. to be incompatible
El arquitecto probó que diseño y practicidad no se excluyen.The architect proved that design and practicality are not incompatible.
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recortar(
rreh
-
kohrr
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to shorten)
a. to cut off
El jardinero recortó las ramas secas del árbol.The gardened cut the withered branches off of the tree.
b. to cut away
Usa una tijera para recortar la tela que sobra.Cut away the excess fabric with scissors.
c. to trim
Te debes recortar las puntas del cabello al menos cada dos meses.You should trim the ends of your hair at least every two months.
2. (to remove by cutting)
a. to cut out
Recorté fotos de una revista y las pegué en mi cuaderno.I cut out pictures from a magazine and pasted them into my notebook.
3. (to slash)
a. to cut
Recortar el presupuesto hará que peligre la estabilidad financiera.Cutting the budget will threaten our financial stability.
b. to reduce
El estado decidió recortar la ayuda a los refugiados.The government decided to reduce aid to the refugees.
c. to cut down on
Se implementaron impuestos altos para recortar el consumo de alcohol.High taxes were implemented in order to cut down on alcohol consumption.
recortarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to show in relief)
a. to stand out
El rascacielos iluminado se recorta sobre el cielo nocturno.The illuminated skyscraper stands out against the night sky.
b. to be outlined
La figura del centinela se recortaba contra las luces por la calle.The figure of the sentry was outlined against the lights on the street.
c. to be silhouetted
El globo dirigible se recortaba sobre el sol poniente.The zeppelin was silhouetted against the setting sun.
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