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Quick answer
"Evidencia" is a noun which is often translated as "evidence", and "prueba" is a noun which is often translated as "test". Learn more about the difference between "evidencia" and "prueba" below.
evidencia(
eh
-
bee
-
dehn
-
syah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (confirmation)
a. evidence
Los detectives no encontraron evidencia de que se tratara de un asesinato.The detectives found no evidence that it was a murder.
b. proof
Estas cartas son evidencia de que los concejales conspiraron contra el alcalde.These letters are proof that the city councilors plotted against the mayor.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Ya es hora de rendirte a la evidencia y admitir que te equivocaste.It's time to bow to the evidence and admit that you are wrong.
Ramírez se rindió ante la evidencia, se dio cuenta de que lo habían atrapado y confesó que era culpable.Ramirez faced the facts, realized that he'd been caught, and confessed he was guilty.
2. (condition of being evident)
a. obviousness
A pesar de la evidencia de su embarazo, nadie le cedió el asiento.In spite of the obviousness of her pregnancy, nobody gave up their seat for her.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Una investigación científica puso en evidencia la falsedad de la supuesta cura.A scientific investigation demonstrated the falsity of the alleged cure.
El entrevistador dejó al político en evidencia con preguntas incisivas.The interviewer showed the politician up with incisive questions.
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prueba(
prweh
-
bah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (assessment)
a. test
Hay una prueba de matemáticas el miércoles.There's a math test on Wednesday.
b. examination
No pasó la prueba de acceso y tiene que tomar cursos de regularización.He didn't pass the entrance examination and has to take remedial courses.
c. quiz
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Nos han dado una prueba para hacer en casa.We've been given a quiz to do at home.
2. (demonstration)
a. proof
La carta fue la prueba de que su historia era cierta.The letter was proof that her story was true.
b. token
Te doy este anillo como prueba de mi amor.I give you this ring as a token of my love.
c. sign
Su risa fue la prueba de que ya no estaba enojada.Her laugh was a sign that she was no longer mad.
3. (legal)
a. piece of evidence
El fiscal no pudo presentar ninguna prueba para condenarlo.The prosecution couldn't present a single piece of evidence to convict him.
4. (medicine)
a. test
Tuvo que dar una muestra de orina para la prueba de drogas.He had to give a urine sample for the drug test.
5. (film and theater)
a. audition
El actor fue a una prueba para el papel principal.The actor went to an audition for the leading role.
b. screen test (for the big screen)
Jennifer estuvo impresionante en su primera prueba de cámara.Jennifer was stunning in her first screen test.
6. (sports)
a. event
Fuimos a ver las pruebas de descenso de los Juegos Olímpicos de invierno.We went to see the downhill events at the Winter Olympics.
b. heat
Solo quedaron dos participantes después de las pruebas de clasificación.There were only two participants left after the qualifying heats.
c. race
Se está preparando para la prueba de los cien metros.He's training for the hundred meter race.
7. (sewing)
a. fitting
Solo le queda una prueba del vestido de novia.She only has one more fitting for her wedding dress.
8. (photography and printing)
a. proof
El fotógrafo miró las pruebas para escoger las fotos que quería poner en su sitio web.The photographer looked at the proofs to choose the photos he wanted to include on his website.
9. (test)
a. probation
Juan todavía no tiene seguridad de empleo porque todavía está en su período de prueba.Juan doesn’t have job security yet, because he’s still in his probation period.
b. trial
Las pruebas clínicas del nuevo medicamento han tenido éxito.The clinical trials of the new medication have been successful.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Bernardo es un piloto de prueba para un fabricante de aviones.Bernardo is a test pilot for an airplane manufacturer.
No me gusta el pescado. - Pero nunca has probado como lo preparo yo. Haz la prueba.I don't like fish. - But you've never tried it the way I make it. Try it.
10. (sample)
a. taste
¿Me das una prueba de la salsa?Can I have a taste of the sauce?
11. (unpleasant experience)
a. ordeal
Le quedaron las huellas de la prueba dura del asalto.She was scarred by her ordeal of being attacked.
12. (mathematics)
a. check
No te olvides de hacer la prueba del resultado.Don’t forget to do a check to confirm the answer.
pruebas
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
13. (legal)
a. evidence
El juez debe pesar todas las pruebas presentadas antes de dictar sentencia.The judge must weigh all of the evidence presented before sentencing.
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