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Quick answer
"Evadir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to evade", and "eludir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to elude". Learn more about the difference between "evadir" and "eludir" below.
evadir(
eh
-
bah
-
deer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to not deal with)
a. to evade
Aunque evadas tus problemas ahora, tendrás que enfrentarte a ellos después.Even though you're evading your problems now, you'll have to face them later on.
b. to avoid
Juanita hace lo imposible para evadir encontrarse conmigo porque me debe dinero.Juanita makes every effort to avoid seeing me because she owes me some money.
c. to sidestep
El ministro evadió las preguntas sobre el tema de la pobreza en la conferencia de prensa.The minister sidestepped the questions on poverty during the press conference.
d. to shirk
Evadir tus obligaciones no las hace desaparecer.Shirking your duties doesn't make them disappear.
2. (finance)
a. to evade
La policía detuvo a dos funcionarios públicos por evadir impuestos.The police arrested two public officials for evading their taxes.
evadirse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to flee)
a. to escape
Un grupo de cuatro presos se evadió de una prisión del estado.A party of four inmates escaped from a state prison.
4. (to avoid dealing with)
a. to escape
Para evadirse de la realidad no hace falta que tomes drogas.You don't need drugs to escape from reality.
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eludir(
eh
-
loo
-
deer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to shun)
a. to elude
Nuestra presa nos ha eludido hasta ahora, pero pronto la atraparemos.Our quarry has eluded us up until now, but we'll soon catch it.
El delincuente usaba documentos falsos para eludir a la policía.The criminal used fake IDs to elude the police.
b. to avoid
Debes manejar más rápido si quieres eludir la tormenta de granizo.You must drive faster if you want to avoid the hailstorm.
c. to evade
El político eludió la pregunta con una respuesta ambigua.The politician evaded the question with an ambiguous answer.
d. to escape
El actor salió por la puerta trasera para eludir a la prensa.The actor used the back door to escape from the press.
e. to dodge
Me incliné hacia atrás y eludí el puñetazo.I leaned back and dodged the punch.
f. to duck
Compórtate como un adulto y deja de eludir tus responsabilidades.Behave like an adult and stop ducking your responsibilities.
2. (to try not to encounter)
a. to avoid
Ignacio me elude porque me debe dinero.Ignacio avoids me because he owes me money.
b. to elude
Mariana me elude desde que tuvimos una fuerte discusión.Mariana eludes me since we had a heated argument.
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