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Quick answer
"Estudiar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to study", and "trabajar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to work". Learn more about the difference between "estudiar" and "trabajar" below.
estudiar(
ehs
-
too
-
dyahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to gain knowledge of)
a. to study
Estudié la lección de química con detenimiento.I studied the chemistry lesson carefully.
2. (to pursue a degree in)
a. to study
Si quieres ser cirujano, tendrás que estudiar medicina.If you want to be a surgeon, you'll have to study medicine.
3. (to look into)
a. to study
Ella le estudió la cara para averiguar si estaba diciendo la verdad.She studied his face to figure out if he was telling the truth.
b. to examine
Este artículo estudia los pros y los contras de enseñar con portátiles.This article examines the pros and cons of teaching with laptops.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to gain knowledge)
a. to study
Mañana no puedo ir a la playa con vosotros porque tengo que estudiar.I can't go to the beach tomorrow with you because I have to study.
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trabajar(
trah
-
bah
-
hahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to perform a job)
a. to work
Trabaja de nueve a cinco.He works from nine to five.
2. (to function)
a. to work
El equipo trabaja a pleno rendimiento.The equipment works at full capacity.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to shape)
a. to work
Como alfarero, me encanta trabajar el barro y crear cacharros.As a potter, I just love working the clay and making pots.
4. (to cultivate)
a. to work
En este pueblo todavía trabajan la tierra con bueyes.They still use oxen to work the land in this village.
5. (culinary)
a. to knead (dough)
Me relajo trabajando la masa, y lo bueno es que a todos les gusta comer el pan recién cocido.I find kneading dough relaxing, and the good thing about it is that everyone likes eating freshly-baked bread.
b. to mix (ingredients)
Hay que trabajar los ingredientes con una batidora eléctrica.You need to mix the ingredients with a blender.
6. (to improve)
a. to work on
Deberías trabajar más tu ensayo.You should work more on your essay.
7. (to market)
a. to sell
Es una tienda donde trabajan ropa para bebés.It's a store where they sell baby clothes.
b. to stock
Lo siento; no trabajamos productos de limpieza.I'm afraid we don't stock cleaning products.
trabajarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
8. (to persuade)
a. to work on
Todavía me la estoy trabajando para que pruebe a jugar al fútbol.I'm still working on her to try soccer.
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