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Quick answer
"Estudiar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to study", and "mucho" is an adjective which is often translated as "a lot of". Learn more about the difference between "estudiar" and "mucho" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to gain knowledge of)
a. to study
Estudié la lección de química con detenimiento.I studied the chemistry lesson carefully.
2. (to pursue a degree in)
a. to study
Si quieres ser cirujano, tendrás que estudiar medicina.If you want to be a surgeon, you'll have to study medicine.
3. (to look into)
a. to study
Ella le estudió la cara para averiguar si estaba diciendo la verdad.She studied his face to figure out if he was telling the truth.
b. to examine
Este artículo estudia los pros y los contras de enseñar con portátiles.This article examines the pros and cons of teaching with laptops.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to gain knowledge)
a. to study
Mañana no puedo ir a la playa con vosotros porque tengo que estudiar.I can't go to the beach tomorrow with you because I have to study.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (a large amount)
a. a lot of
Hay mucha gente en la playa hoy.There are a lot of people at the beach today.
b. much (used with uncountable nouns)
¿Hay mucho desempleo en esa área?Is there much unemployment in that area?
c. many (used with plural nouns)
No hay muchas habitaciones en este hotel.There aren't many rooms in this hotel.
2. (in excess)
a. too much (used with uncountable nouns)
Es mucha responsabilidad para un niño tan joven.It's too much responsibility for such a young child.
b. too many (used with plural nouns)
Me diste muchas naranjas; solo quiero unas pocas.You gave me too many oranges; I only want a few.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
3. (a large amount)
a. a lot
¿Queda mucho por hacer?Is there a lot left to do?
b. much (replaces an uncountable noun)
¿Quieres que compre queso? - Sí, no queda mucho.Do you want me to buy cheese. - Yes, there isn't much left.
c. many (replaces a plural noun)
¿Todavía hay flores en el jardín? - Sí, todavía hay muchas.Are there still flowers in the garden? - Yes, there are still many.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
4. (considerably)
a. a lot
Estudia mucho, pero le cuesta mucho la escuela.He studies a lot, but he finds school hard.
b. much
Me sentí mucho mejor después de dormir bien.I felt much better after sleeping well.
5. (duration)
a. a long time
Mi esposo se tarda mucho en bañarse.My husband always takes a long time to shower.
6. (frequently)
a. much
No corro mucho, pero sí me gusta.I don't run much, but I do like it.
7. (with effort)
a. hard
Los obreros de la construcción trabajan mucho.Construction workers work hard.
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