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Quick answer
"Estropear" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to damage", and "fastidiar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to annoy". Learn more about the difference between "estropear" and "fastidiar" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to harm)
a. to damage
Mi sobrino estropeó mi celular.My nephew damaged my cell phone.
b. to break
¿Ya estropearon la tele?Did you already break the television?
2. (to wreck)
a. to ruin
La lluvia nos estropeó las vacaciones en la playa.The rain ruined our vacation at the beach.
b. to spoil
Este clima estropea la comida muy rápido.This weather spoils the food very quickly.
3. (to make older)
a. to age
La trágica pérdida del hijo lo estropeó bastante.The tragic loss of his son has really aged him.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to stop working)
a. to break down
El horno se estropeó y no pude hacer el pastel.The oven broke down and I couldn't bake the cake.
5. (to be wrecked)
a. to be ruined
Se estropeó la sorpresa que tenía planeada.The surprise I had planned was ruined.
b. to spoil
Mete la comida fresca en el refrigerador para que no se estropee.Put the fresh food in the refrigerator so it doesn't spoil.
6. (to get old)
a. to age
Me he estropeado mucho en estos años por la falta de sueño.I have aged a lot these last years because of lack of sleep.
7. (to become bad-looking)
a. to become ugly
Se ha estropeado bastante con tanta cirugía.She has become ugly with all those surgeries.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to irritate)
a. to annoy
Deja de fastidiar a tu hermano y haz tu tarea.Stop annoying your brother and do your homework.
b. to bother
Deja de fastidiar al perro o te morderá.Stop bothering the dog or he'll bite you.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(to mess up)
Regionalism used in Spain
a. to spoil
Todo el mundo estaba pasando un buen rato y, entonces llegó Sergio y fastidió la fiesta.Everyone was having a good time, and then Sergio came and spoiled the party.
b. to ruin
El huracán fastidió nuestras vacaciones en el Caribe.The hurricane ruined our vacation in the Caribbean.
3. (to impair)
a. to break
Descargué un programa a mi móvil que lo fastidió.I downloaded a program on my mobile phone that broke it.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to make fun)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡Me estás fastidiando! ¿Cómo que se nos acabó el combustible?You have got to be joking! What do you mean we ran out of gas?
¡No fastidies! ¿Ese chaparro es el campeón?You're kidding! That short guy is the champion?
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to be messed up)
Regionalism used in Spain
a. to be ruined
La velada en la plaza se fastidió por el aguacero.The evening in the square was ruined by a downpour.
6. (to stop working)
a. to break down
Se fastidió la computadora de mi hermana por mi culpa.It's my fault that my sister's computer broke down.
7. (to become weary)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. to get bored
Ya se fastidió de ella y anda buscando a otra.He got bored with her already and is looking for someone else.
8. (to tolerate)
a. to put up with it
Si no quieres hacer la tarea, pues te fastidias y la haces de todos modos.If you don't want to do your homework, just put up with it and do it anyway.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
9. (to injure oneself)
a. to hurt
Por no hacer un buen calentamiento, me fastidié la pantorrilla al correr.Because I didn't do a proper-warm up, I hurt my calf running.
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