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Quick answer
"Duele" is a form of "doler", an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to hurt". "Estoy resfriado" is a phrase which is often translated as "I have a cold". Learn more about the difference between "estoy resfriado" and "duele" below.
estoy resfriado(
ehs
-
toy
 
rehs
-
free
-
ah
-
doh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. I have a cold
Estoy resfriado y me duele la garganta.I have a cold and my throat hurts.
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doler(
doh
-
lehr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to feel pain)
a. to hurt
Después del accidente, me duele al respirar.After the accident, it hurts when I breathe.
b. to ache
Me ha dolido la espalda la mañana entera.My back has been aching all morning long.
2. (to feel offended)
a. to hurt
Tu indiferencia me duele.Your indifference hurts me.
dolerse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to feel remorse; often used with "de")
a. to regret
Se duele de sus acciones rencorosas.He regrets his spiteful actions.
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