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Quick answer
"Estirar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to stretch", and "flexionar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to flex". Learn more about the difference between "estirar" and "flexionar" below.
estirar(
ehs
-
tee
-
rahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to extend)
a. to stretch
El curtidor estiró la piel y la dejó sobre una roca para secarse.The tanner stretched the skin and left it on a rock to dry out.
b. to stretch out
Estiramos la cobija antes de ponerla en la cama.We stretched out the blanket before putting it on the bed.
c. to crane
La garceta estiró el cuello para alcanzar un pez.The egret craned its neck to reach a fish.
2. (to make smooth)
a. to smooth out
Estira la colcha para que no quede ninguna arruga.Smooth out the bedspread so there aren't any creases.
b. to iron out
Recomiendo que estires un poco el vestido antes de la gala.I recommend that you iron out the dress a little before the gala.
3. (to make go further)
a. to stretch
¿Crees que puedas estirar tu paga para cubrir la renta?Do you think you can stretch your paycheck to cover the rent?
b. to make last
No sabe estirar su domingo; siempre lo gasta de inmediato.He doesn't know how to make his allowance last; he always spends it right away.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to grow)
a. to shoot up
De verdad han estirado estas plantas debido a las lluvias.These plants have really shot up due to the rain.
estirarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
5. (to extend oneself)
a. to stretch
Zoe se estiró antes de ir a correr.Zoe stretched before going running.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to grow)
a. to shoot up
¡Caray! Cómo se estiró Verónica desde la última vez que la vi.Wow! Veronica has really shot up since the last time I saw her.
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flexionar(
flehk
-
syoh
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to contract)
a. to flex
Mi entrenador me enseñó cómo flexionar y estirar cada brazo con las pesas.My trainer taught me how to flex and stretch each arm using weights.
b. to bend
El ejercicio consiste en flexionar las rodillas, ponerse en cuclillas y volverse a levantar.The exercise consists of bending your knees, squatting, and then get up again.
flexionarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
2. (to flex)
a. to bend
La atleta se flexionó hacia adelante y hacia atrás para estirar los músculos de la espalda.The athlete bended forward and backward to stretch his back muscles.
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