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Quick answer
"Estar casado" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to be married", and "casar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to marry". Learn more about the difference between "estar casado" and "casar" below.
estar casado(
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (general)
a. to be married
Como sé que Alberto te interesa, me informé de que ni está casado ni tiene hijos.As I know you're interested in Alberto, I found out that he is neither married nor has any children.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to join in marriage)
a. to marry
El cura casó a la pareja en una bonita ceremonia.The priest married the couple in a beautiful ceremony.
2. (to give in marriage)
a. to marry off
Ya han casado a todas sus hijas.They have married off all their daughters.
3. (to join)
a. to fit together
Para completar el puzle, tienes que casar todas las piezas.To complete the puzzle, you have to fit together all the pieces.
b. to match up
Procura que casen los dibujos del papel pintado cuando lo pegues.Try to match up the patterns in the wallpaper when you stick it up.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to marry; used with "con")
a. to marry
Casó con una chica de familia humilde.He married a girl from a humble family.
5. (to match together)
a. to fit together
Las piezas del armario no casan.The pieces of the wardrobe don't fit together.
b. to match up
Los dibujos de la tela tienen que casar antes de coser las dos partes.The pattern on the fabric needs to match up before sewing the pieces together.
6. (to be harmonious)
a. to go together
El color del sofá no casa con la pintura de las paredes.The color of the sofa and the paint on the walls don't go together.
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
7. (to wed)
a. to get married
Se casaron por lo civil en el ayuntamiento.They got married in a civil ceremony at the town hall.
b. to marry
La pareja se casó en secreto.The couple married secretly.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
8. (to wed; used with "con")
a. to marry
Se casó con su novio de siempre.She married her long-time boyfriend.
b. to get married
¿Sabes si Nacho piensa casarse?Do you know if Nacho is thinking of getting married?
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