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Quick answer
"Estar alegre" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to be happy", and "alto" is an adjective which is often translated as "tall". Learn more about the difference between "estar alegre" and "alto" below.
estar alegre(
ehs
-
tahr
 
ah
-
leh
-
greh
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to be merry)
a. to be happy
Estoy alegre porque mañana regresa mi hermano de Francia.I'm happy because my brother comes back from France tomorrow.
b. to be cheerful
¿Por qué estás tan alegre hoy? - Enrique me confesó su amor.Why are you so cheerful today? - Enrique confessed his love for me.
2.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to be slightly drunk)
a. to be tipsy
Yo estaba alegre porque había bebido dos copas de vino.I was tipsy because I had drunk two glasses of wine.
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alto(
ahl
-
toh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (height)
a. tall
Ese hombre alto tiene que medir más de 200 cm.That tall man must measure more than 200 cm.
b. high
Escalamos una montaña muy alta.We climbed a very high mountain.
2. (level)
a. high
Hay un riesgo alto de avalanchas por la nevada.There is a high risk of avalanches due to the snowfall.
b. upper
Este tipo de decisiones se toma en las altas esferas del gobierno.This kind of decision is made at the upper levels of the government.
c. top
Ese soldado ocupa un rango alto en el ejército.That soldier occupies a top rank in the army.
3. (sound)
a. loud
La música estaba tan alta que no podíamos conversar.The music was so loud that we couldn't talk.
4. (geography)
a. upper
Ha habido inundaciones en el alto Amazonas.There has been flooding in the upper Amazon.
5. (history)
a. high
La iglesia se convirtió en una institución unificadora en la Alta Edad Media.The church became a unifying institution in the High Middle Ages.
6. (linguistics)
a. high
El alto antiguo alemán se hablaba en zonas de Alemania hasta el siglo X u XI.The Old High German was spoken in areas of Germany until the 10th or 11th century.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
7. (up)
a. high
El siguiente balón, lánzalo alto.Throw the next ball high.
8. (sound)
a. high
Las sopranos pueden cantar muy alto.Sopranos can sing very high.
b. loud
No puedo hablar alto porque los niños están durmiendo.I can't speak loud because the children are sleeping.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
9. (height)
a. high
Esta casa tiene cuatro metros de alto.This house is four meters high.
10. (break)
a. stop
Haremos un alto para tomar un café y usar el baño.We will make a stop to have a coffee and use the restroom.
11. (architecture)
a. top floor
Un ático es un apartamento en el alto de un edificio.A penthouse is an apartment on the top floor of a building.
12. (heap)
Regionalism used in Chile
(Chile)
a. pile
Tengo un alto de ropa que planchar.I have a pile of clothes to iron.
13. (amount of fabric)
Regionalism used in Chile
(Chile)
a. length
Tengo que calcular el alto de tela que necesito para hacer una falda.I have to calculate the length of fabric that I need to make a skirt.
14. (automobile)
a. lights
El conductor no vio el alto y atropelló a un peatón que cruzaba la carretera.The driver didn't see the lights, and ran over a pedestrian crossing the road.
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