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Quick answer
"Estar a dieta" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to be on a diet", and "adelgazar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to lose weight". Learn more about the difference between "estar a dieta" and "adelgazar" below.
estar a dieta(
ehs
-
tahr
 
ah
 
dyeh
-
tah
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (general)
a. to be on a diet
Yo hoy paso del postre. Estoy a dieta para ver si pierdo los kilos que gané en Navidad.I'll give the dessert a miss today. I'm on a diet to see if I lose the kilos I gained at Christmas.
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adelgazar(
ah
-
dehl
-
gah
-
sahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to become thinner)
a. to lose weight
Se nota que has adelgazado.I can see that you have lost weight.
b. to slim (United Kingdom)
Trato de adelgazar y no puedo.I'm trying to slim and I can't.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to get rid of)
a. to lose
Quiero adelgazar cinco kilos para este verano.I want to lose five kilos in time for this summer.
b. to shed
¿Cuántos kilos ha adelgazado?How many kilos has he shed?
c. to take off
Tom tendrá que adelgazar 15 kilos para interpretar este papel.Tom will need to take off 15 kilos to play this part.
3. (to make more slender)
a. to make thinner
Estos ejercicios te servirán par adelgazar la cara.These exercises will help you make your face thinner.
b. to reduce
Es un buen ejercicio para adelgazar las caderas.It's a good exercise for reducing your hips.
c. to slim down
¿Qué tengo que hacer para adelgazar las piernas?What do I need to do to slim down my legs?
4. (to reduce the thickness of)
a. to trim down
Hay que adelgazar la puerta un poco.We need to trim down the door a little.
b. to trim
Tendrás que adelgazar la madera a la anchura correcta.You'll need to trim the wood to the correct width.
c. to make thinner
Ahora el alfarero comienza a aplastar el barro y adelgazarlo.Now the potter's starting to flatten the clay and make it thinner.
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