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Quick answer
"Estado" is a noun which is often translated as "state", and "ha sido" is a phrase which is often translated as "he's been". Learn more about the difference between "estado" and "ha sido" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (physical or emotional status)
a. state
Ha tenido un problema con su estado mental desde el accidente.He has had a problem with his mental state since the accident.
b. condition
El coche está en buen estado.The car is in good condition.
2. (politics)
a. state (country)
El estado mexicano celebra su independencia de España.The Mexican state celebrates its independence from Spain.
b. state (area within a country)
Alaska es el estado más grande de los Estados Unidos de América.Alaska is the largest state in the United States of America.
3. (finance)
a. statement
Recibí el estado de cuenta.I received the bank statement.
La empresa emitió su estado de pérdidas y ganancias.The company issued its profit and loss statement.
4. (physics)
a. state
El calor derritió la roca a un estado líquido.Heat melted the rock into a liquid state.
5. (computing and telecommunications)
a. status
Tengo que actualizar mi estado en Facebook.I need to update my status on Facebook.
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ha sido(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (third person singular)
a. he's been (masculine)
¿Conoces a Ramón? Ha sido alumno de nuestro colegio.Do you know Ramon? He's been a student in our school.
b. she's been (feminine)
Esa es Laura Ruiz. Ha sido gerente de nuestra empresa durante los últimos diez años.That's Laura Ruiz. She's been our company general manager for the last ten years.
c. it's been (neuter)
Querida Francis: Ha sido un placer trabajar contigo.Dear Francis, It's been a pleasure working with you.
d. has been
La policía cree que la mujer ha sido embaucada por unos estafadores.The police think the woman has been tricked by some swindlers.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(second person singular)
a. you've been
Ha sido usted nominada para el Premio Nobel.You've been nominated for the Nobel Prize.
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