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Quick answer
"Establecer" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to establish", and "emitir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to emit". Learn more about the difference between "establecer" and "emitir" below.
establecer(
ehs
-
tah
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to stipulate)
a. to establish
Los criterios fueron establecidos años atrás y es necesario revisarlos.The criteria were established years ago and are in need of revision.
b. to set
En gran medida, son las grandes empresas las que establecen los precios.To a great extent, the big companies are the ones that set the prices.
c. to lay down
Si se establecen normas, es para que todo el mundo las siga.Rules are laid down to be followed by everyone.
d. to state (legal)
La ley establece claramente que manifestarse es derecho de todos.The law states clearly that everybody has the right to demonstrate.
2. (to fix)
a. to set
El récord mundial fue establecido el año pasado en Montreal.The world record was set last year in Montreal.
3. (to found)
a. to establish
Han establecido una fundación en apoyo de los jóvenes atletas.They have established a foundation in support of young athletes.
b. to set up
Mi abuelo estableció su primera fábrica en Baracaldo en 1940.My grandfather set up his first plant in Baracaldo in 1940.
c. to settle (a colony)
Los peregrinos establecieron su colonia en Massachusetts.The pilgrims settled their colony in Massachusetts.
4. (to initiate)
a. to establish
No podemos establecer la comunicación con ellos.We can't establish communication with them.
5. (to clarify)
a. to establish
El juez establecerá los hechos basándose en la declaración de los testigos.The judge will establish the facts on the basis of the witnesses' statements.
6. (to demonstrate)
a. to establish
Establecieron una teoría que fue revolucionaria en su momento.They established a theory that was revolutionary at the time.
establecerse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
7. (to take up residence)
a. to settle
La familia al final se estableció en Bogotá.The family finally settled in Bogotá.
8. (to open a business)
a. to set up
Se estableció como autónomo y se fue a vivir al campo.He set up as a freelancer and went to live in the countryside.
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emitir(
eh
-
mee
-
teer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to produce and discharge)
a. to emit
Este aparato electrónico no emite radiación.This electronic product does not emit radiation.
b. to give off
Las reacciones exotérmicas emiten calor.Exothermic reactions give off heat.
2. (telecommunications)
a. to broadcast (programs)
Este canal dejó de emitir documentales.This channel doesn't broadcast documentaries anymore.
b. to send out (signals)
El satélite emite señales que indican su posición.The satellite sends out signals that indicate its position.
3. (finance)
a. to issue
Los bancos dejaron de emitir bonos.Banks have stopped issuing bonds.
4. (to say)
a. to express (an opinion)
No voy a emitir mi opinión sobre este asunto.I'm not going to express my opinion on this matter.
b. to issue (a statement, press release etc)
El gobierno local emitió una alerta sobre los robos a mano armada en el centro.The local government issued an alert about armed robberies downtown.
c. to give (a verdict, an order)
El juez emitirá su fallo mañana.The judge will give his verdict tomorrow.
d. to cast (a vote)
Cuanto antes emitan todos su voto, antes obtendremos los resultados.The sooner everybody casts their vote, the sooner we will get the results.
emitirse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (telecommunications)
a. to be broadcast
El programa especial de esta noche se emitirá a las diez.Tonight's special show will be broadcast at ten.
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