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Quick answer
Both "establecía" and "estableció" are forms of "establecer", which is often translated as "to establish". Learn more about "establecer" below.
establecer(
ehs
-
tah
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to stipulate)
a. to establish
Los criterios fueron establecidos años atrás y es necesario revisarlos.The criteria were established years ago and are in need of revision.
b. to set
En gran medida, son las grandes empresas las que establecen los precios.To a great extent, the big companies are the ones that set the prices.
c. to lay down
Si se establecen normas, es para que todo el mundo las siga.Rules are laid down to be followed by everyone.
d. to state (legal)
La ley establece claramente que manifestarse es derecho de todos.The law states clearly that everybody has the right to demonstrate.
2. (to fix)
a. to set
El récord mundial fue establecido el año pasado en Montreal.The world record was set last year in Montreal.
3. (to found)
a. to establish
Han establecido una fundación en apoyo de los jóvenes atletas.They have established a foundation in support of young athletes.
b. to set up
Mi abuelo estableció su primera fábrica en Baracaldo en 1940.My grandfather set up his first plant in Baracaldo in 1940.
c. to settle (a colony)
Los peregrinos establecieron su colonia en Massachusetts.The pilgrims settled their colony in Massachusetts.
4. (to initiate)
a. to establish
No podemos establecer la comunicación con ellos.We can't establish communication with them.
5. (to clarify)
a. to establish
El juez establecerá los hechos basándose en la declaración de los testigos.The judge will establish the facts on the basis of the witnesses' statements.
6. (to demonstrate)
a. to establish
Establecieron una teoría que fue revolucionaria en su momento.They established a theory that was revolutionary at the time.
establecerse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
7. (to take up residence)
a. to settle
La familia al final se estableció en Bogotá.The family finally settled in Bogotá.
8. (to open a business)
a. to set up
Se estableció como autónomo y se fue a vivir al campo.He set up as a freelancer and went to live in the countryside.
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