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Quick answer
"Esta" is an adjective which is often translated as "this", and "si" is a conjunction which is often translated as "if". Learn more about the difference between "esta" and "si" below.
esta(
ehs
-
tah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta silla está rota. Siéntate mejor en esa.This chair is broken. You'd better sit on that one.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta es la casa con la que siempre soñé.This is the house I always dreamed of.
b. this one
No me gustó esa novela. En cambio, esta me encantó.I didn't like that novel. On the other hand, I loved this one.
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si(
see
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (with conditional clauses)
a. if
Si llueve mañana, cancelaremos el picnic.If it rains tomorrow, we will cancel the picnic.
2. (with indirect questions)
a. whether
Preguntó si me estaba divirtiendo.He asked whether I was enjoying myself.
b. if
Paco quiere saber si Laura también va a asistir.Paco wants to know if Laura is also going to attend.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
3. (musical note)
a. B
Primero lo oí en si menor.I first heard it played in B minor.
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