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Quick answer
"Esquinas" is a form of "esquinar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to put in a corner". "Arista" is a noun which is often translated as "edge". Learn more about the difference between "esquinas" and "arista" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to position at an edge)
a. to put in a corner
Decidí esquinar el escritorio para crear más espacio.I decided to put my desk in a corner to create more space.
2. (to estrange; used with "con")
a. to put at odds with
Si pones la música tan alta, nos vas a esquinar con los vecinos.Your loud music is going to put us at odds with the neighbors.
3. (to make square)
a. to square off
Solo me falta esquinar los estantes y ya se podrán colocar.I just need to square off the shelves and they'll be ready to put up.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to join)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
El accidente tuvo lugar donde el parque esquina con la calle principal.The accident happened on the corner of the park and main street.
No compramos la casa porque esquinaba con un taller.We didn't buy the house because it was around the corner from a repair shop.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to quarrel; used with "con")
a. to fall out with
Ernesto se esquinó con su hermano hace diez años y desde entonces no se hablan.Ernesto fell out with his brother ten years ago and they haven't spoken since.
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A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (geometry)
a. edge
Calcula la longitud de las aristas del tetraedro.Calculate the length of the edges of the tetrahedron.
2. (facet)
a. aspect
Su trayectoria de investigación tiene muchas aristas interesantes.The trajectory of his research career has many interesting aspects.
3. (cutting edge)
a. sharp edge
Me golpeé contra la arista del escalón y me hice un tajo.I bumped into the sharp edge of the step and I cut myself.
4. (botany)
a. beard
Las aristas de la espiguilla no miden más de un centímetro.The beards of the bull grass are no longer than a centimeter.
5. (mountaineering)
a. ridge
Los alpinistas caminaron por la arista de la montaña.The mountaineers walked along the mountain ridge.
b. arête
Un guía de montaña guio a los dos montañistas por la arista que descendía desde la cumbre.A mountain guide lead the two mountaineers along the arête from the summit.
6. (architecture)
a. arris
Construimos un mirador en la arista formada por los planos inclinados del techo.We built a lookout tower on the arris formed by the sloping panels of the roof.
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