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Quick answer
"Esposa" is a noun which is often translated as "wife", and "mujer" is a noun which is often translated as "woman". Learn more about the difference between "esposa" and "mujer" below.
esposa(
ehs
-
poh
-
sah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (via marriage)
a. wife
Mi esposa es una excelente mecánica automotriz.My wife is a superb auto mechanic.
esposas
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
2. (for securing a prisoner)
a. handcuffs
Todos los policías tienen que llevar esposas.All policemen are required to carry handcuffs.
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mujer(
moo
-
hehr
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (adult female)
a. woman
Había una mujer junto a la puerta.There was a woman next to the door.
2. (via marriage)
a. wife
Deje que le presente a mi mujer.Let me introduce you to my wife.
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