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Quick answer
"Espolvorear" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to sprinkle", and "rociar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to spray". Learn more about the difference between "espolvorear" and "rociar" below.
espolvorear(
ehs
-
pohl
-
boh
-
reh
-
ahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to scatter over)
a. to sprinkle
Espolvoreé las galletas con azúcar de colores para darles un toque especial.I sprinkled the cookies with colored sugar to give them a special touch.
b. to dust
Unta el molde de la torta con mantequilla y luego espolvoréalo con harina.Grease the cake pan with butter and then dust it with flour.
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rociar(
rroh
-
syahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to spatter)
a. to spray
En verano sobre todo, conviene rociar las hojas cada día con agua.It is advisable to spray the leaves with water daily, especially in the summer.
b. to sprinkle (with oil or lemon juice)
Coloca el brócoli en la fuente y rocíalo con jugo de limón.Put the broccoli in the dish and sprinkle it with lemon juice.
c. to douse (with gasoline)
Roció la cabaña de gasolina y le prendió fuego.She doused the hut with gasoline, and set fire to it.
2. (to accompany)
a. to wash down with
Nada mejor para rociar los mariscos que un buen vino blanco.Nothing better to wash down a seafood meal than a good white wine.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
3. (weather)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Rocía en abundancia casi todos los días.A lot of dew falls almost daily.
Era muy temprano por la mañana y había rociado.It was very early in the morning and dew had fallen.
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