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Quick answer
"Espero" is a form of "esperar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to wait for". "Espero que" is a phrase which is often translated as "I hope that". Learn more about the difference between "espero que" and "espero" below.
espero que(
ehs
-
peh
-
roh
 
keh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. I hope that
Espero que consigas trabajo pronto.I hope that you get a job soon.
b. I hope
¿Tendremos que vender la casa? - Espero que no.Will we have to sell the house? - I hope not.
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esperar(
ehs
-
peh
-
rahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to await)
a. to wait for
Espérame que yo también voy.Wait for me, I'm coming too.
2. (to wish)
a. to hope
Espero saber de ti pronto.I hope to hear from you soon.
3. (to count on)
a. to expect
No espero compasión si me capturan.I don't expect any mercy if captured.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to await)
a. to wait
Espera que ya vengo.Wait, I'm coming.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
5. (to count on)
a. to expect
Se esperan cortes en el suministro de agua esta noche.Water supply disruptions are expected tonight.
esperarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to wait momentarily)
a. to hold on (emphatic)
Espérate, ¿no se suponía que ibas a estar fuera un par de semanas?Hold on, weren't you supposed to be gone for a couple of weeks?
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