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Quick answer
"Esperar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to wait for", and "resfriado" is a noun which is often translated as "cold". Learn more about the difference between "esperar" and "resfriado" below.
esperar(
ehs
-
peh
-
rahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to await)
a. to wait for
Espérame que yo también voy.Wait for me, I'm coming too.
2. (to wish)
a. to hope
Espero saber de ti pronto.I hope to hear from you soon.
3. (to count on)
a. to expect
No espero compasión si me capturan.I don't expect any mercy if captured.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to await)
a. to wait
Espera que ya vengo.Wait, I'm coming.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
5. (to count on)
a. to expect
Se esperan cortes en el suministro de agua esta noche.Water supply disruptions are expected tonight.
esperarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to wait momentarily)
a. to hold on (emphatic)
Espérate, ¿no se suponía que ibas a estar fuera un par de semanas?Hold on, weren't you supposed to be gone for a couple of weeks?
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resfriado(
rrehs
-
fryah
-
doh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (illness)
a. cold
Fui al médico para que me recetara algo para el resfriado.I went to the doctor to see if he could prescribe something for my cold.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (illness)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Estoy resfriado y tengo un dolor de cabeza horrible.I have a cold and a terrible headache.
Si estás resfriada, ¡no te me acerques!If you've got a cold, stay away from me!
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