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Quick answer
"Esperar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to wait for", and "japonés" is a noun which is often translated as "Japanese". Learn more about the difference between "esperar" and "japonés" below.
esperar(
ehs
-
peh
-
rahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to await)
a. to wait for
Espérame que yo también voy.Wait for me, I'm coming too.
2. (to wish)
a. to hope
Espero saber de ti pronto.I hope to hear from you soon.
3. (to count on)
a. to expect
No espero compasión si me capturan.I don't expect any mercy if captured.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to await)
a. to wait
Espera que ya vengo.Wait, I'm coming.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
5. (to count on)
a. to expect
Se esperan cortes en el suministro de agua esta noche.Water supply disruptions are expected tonight.
esperarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to wait momentarily)
a. to hold on (emphatic)
Espérate, ¿no se suponía que ibas a estar fuera un par de semanas?Hold on, weren't you supposed to be gone for a couple of weeks?
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japonés(
hah
-
poh
-
nehs
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (language)
a. Japanese
Mi hermano esta estudiando japonés porque su empresa lo va a trasladar a Tokio.My brother is studying Japanese because his company is transferring him to Tokio.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (nationality)
a. Japanese man (masculine)
Hice amistad con un japonés durante mis vacaciones en Sevilla.I made friends with a Japanese man during my vacation in Seville.
b. Japanese woman (feminine)
Conocí a varias japonesas en las clases de español.I met several Japanese women in Spanish class.
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
3. (nationality)
a. Japanese
Los japoneses son personas muy amables.The Japanese are very polite people.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (of Japanese origin)
a. Japanese
Me gusta mucho la comida japonesa, especialmente el sushi y la tempura.I love Japanese food, particularly sushi and tempura.
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