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Quick answer
"Esperar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to wait for", and "aguardar" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "to wait for". Learn more about the difference between "esperar" and "aguardar" below.
esperar(
ehs
-
peh
-
rahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to await)
a. to wait for
Espérame que yo también voy.Wait for me, I'm coming too.
2. (to wish)
a. to hope
Espero saber de ti pronto.I hope to hear from you soon.
3. (to count on)
a. to expect
No espero compasión si me capturan.I don't expect any mercy if captured.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to await)
a. to wait
Espera que ya vengo.Wait, I'm coming.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
5. (to count on)
a. to expect
Se esperan cortes en el suministro de agua esta noche.Water supply disruptions are expected tonight.
esperarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to wait momentarily)
a. to hold on (emphatic)
Espérate, ¿no se suponía que ibas a estar fuera un par de semanas?Hold on, weren't you supposed to be gone for a couple of weeks?
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aguardar(
ah
-
gwahr
-
dahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to be in a state of expectation)
a. to wait for
Llevamos media hora aguardando tu llegada.We've been waiting for your arrival for half an hour.
b. to await
La sala estaba llena de estudiantes que aguardaban las notas finales.The room was full of students awaiting their final exam results.
c. to expect
No puedo salir porque estoy aguardando unos familiares.I can't go out because I'm expecting some family members.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to await)
a. to wait
Aguarda un minuto. - No puedo; ya se me hizo tarde.Wait a minute. I can't; I'm already running behind.
3. (to lie ahead)
a. to lie in store
No sabía qué le aguardaba.He didn't know what lay in store for him.
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