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Quick answer
"Esperanzas" is a form of "esperanzar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to give hope to". "Quejas" is a form of "quejarse", a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to complain". Learn more about the difference between "esperanzas" and "quejas" below.
esperanzar(
ehs
-
peh
-
rahn
-
sahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to cause to be hopeful)
a. to give hope to
La doctora no esperanzó al paciente porque algo podría salir mal.The doctor didn't get her patient's hopes up because it was possible something could go wrong.
El hecho de que un señor de 70 años pueda escalar el Everest debería esperanzar a todos los mayores de 60 años.The fact that a 70-year-old man can climb Everest should give hope to all over-60s.
esperanzarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
2. (to become hopeful)
a. to be encouraged
Los resultados de investigaciones recientes nos llevan a esperanzarnos. Puede haber una cura para esta afección.We are encouraged by the results of recent research. A cure for this condition may be possible.
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quejarse(
keh
-
hahr
-
seh
)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to protest)
a. to complain
Voy a quejarme ante la administración acerca del mal servicio en este hotel.I am going to complain to management about the bad service in this hotel.
b. to moan
Deja de quejarte de tu falta de dinero y haz algo para cambiar tu situación.Stop moaning about your lack of money and do something to change your situation.
c. to grumble
Él siempre se está quejando de la mala comida que le dan en la escuela.He is always grumbling about the bad meals they serve at school.
2. (to express pain)
a. to moan
Él tenía dolor de estómago y estuvo quejándose toda la noche.He had a stomach ache and was moaning all night.
b. to groan
Mi perro se comió una barra entera de mantequilla y ahora se está quejando de dolor.My dog ate an entire stick of butter and now he is groaning in pain.
c. to complain
Mi mamá se queja de dolor en la cadera siempre que camina por un rato.My mom complains about hip pain whenever she walks for a while.
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