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Quick answer
"Esperan" is a form of "esperar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to wait for". "Por el momento" is an adverb which is often translated as "for the time being". Learn more about the difference between "esperan" and "por el momento" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to await)
a. to wait for
Espérame que yo también voy.Wait for me, I'm coming too.
2. (to wish)
a. to hope
Espero saber de ti pronto.I hope to hear from you soon.
3. (to count on)
a. to expect
No espero compasión si me capturan.I don't expect any mercy if captured.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to await)
a. to wait
Espera que ya vengo.Wait, I'm coming.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
5. (to count on)
a. to expect
Se esperan cortes en el suministro de agua esta noche.Water supply disruptions are expected tonight.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to wait momentarily)
a. to hold on (emphatic)
Espérate, ¿no se suponía que ibas a estar fuera un par de semanas?Hold on, weren't you supposed to be gone for a couple of weeks?
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por el momento(
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (now)
a. for the time being
No es mucho, pero ese dinero debe bastar por el momento.It isn't much, but that money should be enough for the time being.
b. for now
Estamos emocionados por festejar esta noche, pero por el momento, debemos concentrarnos en nuestro trabajo.We are excited to celebrate tonight, but for now, we must focus on our work.
c. at the moment
Estoy demasiado ocupado para atender ese asunto por el momento.I am too busy to deal with that issue at the moment.
d. for the moment
Nos vamos a Roma pero por el momento, prefiero que nadie lo sepa.We're going to Rome but for the moment, I'd rather nobody knew.
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