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Quick answer
"Espacio" is a noun which is often translated as "space", and "cupo" is a noun which is often translated as "quota". Learn more about the difference between "espacio" and "cupo" below.
espacio(
ehs
-
pah
-
syoh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (unoccupied area)
a. space
La ropa debe tenderse en un espacio ventilado para que se seque correctamente.Clothes should be hung in a ventilated space for proper drying.
b. room
No hay suficiente espacio en este auditorio para nuestra conferencia.There isn't enough room in this auditorium for our conference.
2. (astronomy)
a. space
El primer mamífero que sobrevivió un viaje al espacio fue una perra rusa.The first mammal to survive a trip in space was a Russian dog.
3. (surface)
a. space
El reglamento dicta que se deje un espacio de tres metros entre cada casa.Regulations mandate that a space of three meters be left between each home.
b. area
Necesitamos un espacio de 5,000 metros cuadrados para el parque.We need an area of 5,000 square meters for the park.
4. (in text)
a. space
Dejen un dedo de espacio entre cada palabra, niños.Leave one finger of space between each word, children.
5. (in time)
a. space
En el espacio de cinco minutos, Martha arruinó el trabajo de cinco meses.In the space of five minutes, Martha ruined five months of work.
6. (radio, television)
a. slot
Yolanda es la locutora de radio en el espacio matutino de Radio Amor.Yolanda is the radio announcer on Radio Amor's morning slot.
b. program
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
David tiene un espacio sobre finanzas en el canal cuatro.David has a program about finance on channel four.
c. programme (United Kingdom)
Simón es el anfitrión de un espacio sobre música.Simon is the host of a music programme.
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cupo(
koo
-
poh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (fixed quantity)
a. quota
Las empresas se comprometieron a no exceder su cupo de importación.The companies promised not to exceed their import quota.
2. (capacity)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. capacity
En la zona VIP solo hay cupo para veinte personas.In the VIP area there is only capacity for twenty people.
b. room
Ya no hay cupo para más personas en la sala de conciertos.There's no room for more people in the concert hall.
3. (percentage)
a. quota
La clase ha alcanzado el cupo máximo de alumnos extranjeros permitido.The class has reached the maximum quota of foreign students allowed.
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