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Quick answer
"Español" is a noun which is often translated as "Spanish", and "hablar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to speak". Learn more about the difference between "español" and "hablar" below.
español(
ehs
-
pah
-
nyohl
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (language)
a. Spanish
El español se habla en muchos países a través de cuatro continentes.Spanish is spoken in many countries across four continents.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (nationality)
a. Spaniard
A muchos españoles les encanta el fútbol.Many Spaniards love soccer.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (of Spanish origin)
a. Spanish
No me gusta el cine español.I'm not fond of Spanish films.
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hablar(
ah
-
blahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to articulate words)
a. to speak
Los bebés comienzan a hablar a los 18 meses.Babies start speaking at around 18 months.
b. to talk
Escucho a alguien hablando, pero no sé de dónde viene.I can hear someone talking, but I don't know where's it coming from.
2. (to converse)
a. to talk
¿Necesitas a alguien con quien hablar?Do you need someone to talk to?
b. to speak
¿Podemos hablar en privado?Can we speak in private?
3. (to give a speech)
a. to speak
Habló un buen rato de las reformas que había propuesto el gobierno.He spoke at length about the reforms the government had proposed.
4. (to speak on the phone)
a. to call
Buenas tardes, ¿se encuentra la Sra. Martínez? - ¿Quién habla?Good afternoon, may I speak with Mrs. Martinez? - Who is calling?
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to be able to communicate in)
a. to speak
Hablo cinco idiomas y leo diez.I speak five languages and can read ten.
6. (to deal with)
a. to discuss
Eso se lo tienes que hablar directamente al principal.You need to discuss that directly with the principal.
b. to say
¿Verdaderamente no tienes nada de qué hablarme?You really don't have anything to say to me?
7. (to call)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. to phone
Ahora que tienes su número, ¿le vas a hablar?Now that you have her number, are you going to phone her?
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
8. (to have a conversation)
a. to speak
No se habla de otra cosa.We speak about nothing else.
hablarse
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
9. (to have a conversation)
a. to speak to each other
Se hablan de mala manera.They speak to each other rudely.
b. to be on speaking terms
Los primos no se hablan después de la pelea sobre la herencia.The cousins aren't on speaking terms after the fight over the inheritance.
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