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Quick answer
"Español" is a noun which is often translated as "Spanish", and "aprender" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to learn". Learn more about the difference between "español" and "aprender" below.
español(
ehs
-
pah
-
nyohl
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (language)
a. Spanish
El español se habla en muchos países a través de cuatro continentes.Spanish is spoken in many countries across four continents.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (nationality)
a. Spaniard
A muchos españoles les encanta el fútbol.Many Spaniards love soccer.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (of Spanish origin)
a. Spanish
No me gusta el cine español.I'm not fond of Spanish films.
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aprender(
ah
-
prehn
-
dehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to acquire knowledge)
a. to learn
Con el tiempo aprenderás cómo andar en bicicleta.With time, you will learn how to ride a bike.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to acquire knowledge)
a. to learn
Voy a la escuela a aprender, pero también a jugar y a ver a mis amigos.I go to school to learn, but also to play and see my friends.
aprenderse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to learn by heart)
a. to memorize
Tienes que aprenderte los pasos del baile.You have to memorize the dance steps.
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