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Quick answer
"Esfuerzo" is a noun which is often translated as "effort", and "voluntad" is a noun which is often translated as "will". Learn more about the difference between "esfuerzo" and "voluntad" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (use of force)
a. effort
Estamos haciendo un gran esfuerzo para defender nuestro país.We are making a big effort to defend our country.
2. (physics)
a. force
¿Cuánto esfuerzo se necesita para que esta máquina funcione?How much force is needed to make this machine work?
3. (engineering)
a. stress
La fuerza de la gravedad exige mucho esfuerzo sobre los edificios altos.The force of gravity exerts a lot of stress on tall buildings.
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A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (desire)
a. will
Ser bailarina requiere de disciplina, fuerza y voluntad.Being a ballerina requires discipline, strength, and will.
Es la voluntad de los votantes que esta ley sea rechazada.It is the will of the voters that this law be overturned.
b. wish (frequently used in plural)
No puedes hacer que me case en contra de mi voluntad.You cannot make me marry against my wishes.
2. (determination)
a. willpower
No sé si tengo la voluntad para terminar este proyecto.I don't know if I have the willpower to finish this project.
3. (intention)
a. will
Como señal de buena voluntad, repararé tu carro libre de cargo.As a sign of good will, I will fix your car free of charge.
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