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Quick answer
"Fundaméntales" is a form of "fundamentar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to base on". "Esencial" is an adjective which is often translated as "essential". Learn more about the difference between "esencial" and "fundaméntales" below.
esencial(
eh
-
sehn
-
syahl
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (indispensable)
a. essential
El agua es esencial para la vida.Water is essential for life.
2. (inherent)
a. essential
¿Son dichas emociones parte esencial de la naturaleza humana?Are such emotions an essential part of human nature?
3. (principal)
a. main
El ministro declaró que el motivo esencial de su dimisión era puramente personal.The minister stated that his main reason for resigning was purely personal.
4. (distilled)
a. essential
El jabón contiene aceites esenciales que nutrirán y darán tersura a su piel.The soap contains essential oils that will nourish and smooth your skin.
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fundamentar(
foon
-
dah
-
mehn
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to found; used with "en")
a. to base on
El director de la empresa fundamentó los despidos en la necesidad de reducir costos.The CEO of the company based the dismissals on the need to cut costs.
2. (to consolidate)
a. to lay the foundations of
Los obreros están fundamentando la torre que van a construir.The workers are laying the foundations of the tower to be built.
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