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Quick answer
"Esdrújulo" is an adjective which is often translated as "stressed on the third-to-last syllable", and "llano" is an adjective which is often translated as "flat". Learn more about the difference between "esdrújulo" and "llano" below.
esdrújulo(
ehs
-
droo
-
hoo
-
loh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (phonetics)
a. stressed on the third-to-last syllable
Piensa en una palabra española esdrújula. - "Jóvenes."Think of a Spanish word stressed on the third-to-last syllable. - "Jóvenes."
b. stressed on the antepenultimate syllable
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
La profesora de español les explicó a sus alumnos que las palabras esdrújulas siempre debían llevar tilde.The Spanish teacher explained to her students that words stressed on the antepenultimate syllable must always have a written accent.
c. proparoxytone
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
La pronunciación esdrújula de la palabra llegó a ser aceptada al final.The proparoxtyone pronunciation of the word eventually became accepted.
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llano(
yah
-
noh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (smooth)
a. flat
Nos tumbamos a descansar en una zona llana.We lay down to rest in a flat area.
b. level
La pared se ha hinchado y ya no está llana.The wall has swelled and it isn't level anymore.
c. even
La textura de esta tela no es llana.The texture of this fabric isn't even.
2. (direct)
a. straightforward
Me gustan las personas llanas porque son sinceras.I like straightforward people because they are sincere.
b. natural
La gente de los pueblos suele ser muy llana.People from villages tend to be very natural.
c. simple
La directora de la escuela era una persona llana y directa.The principal of the school was a simple and direct person.
3. (easy)
a. plain
Cariño, habla al niño con vocabulario llano para que te entienda.Darling, talk to the child in plain language so he can understand you.
b. simple
El profesor explicó el concepto con ejemplos muy llanos.The teacher explained the concept with very simple examples.
4. (humble)
a. ordinary
Los políticos hicieron campaña entre el pueblo llano.Politicians campaigned among ordinary people.
5. (grammar)
a. stressed on the penultimate syllable
En el español abundan las palabras llanas.Spanish is full of words stressed on the penultimate syllable.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
6. (geography)
a. plain
Construimos la casa en un llano.We built the house on a plain.
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