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Quick answer
"Escuchar música" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to listen to music", and "oír" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to hear". Learn more about the difference between "escuchar música" and "oír" below.
escuchar música(
ehs
-
koo
-
chahr
 
moo
-
see
-
kah
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (general)
a. to listen to music
Todos en el tren tienen sus audífonos puestos, escuchando música.Everyone on the train has their headphones on, listening to music.
Las niñas pasaron toda la tarde escuchando música en sus habitaciones.The girls spent all afternoon listening to music in their rooms.
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oír(
oh
-
eer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to perceive with the ear)
a. to hear
Las paredes son tan finas que oigo a los vecinos hablar.The walls are so thin I can hear the neighbors talking.
2. (to actively hear)
a. to listen to
Se pasa las tardes oyendo música.He spends all afternoon listening to music.
3. (to be informed of)
a. to hear
Oí la noticia del motín en la radio.I heard the news of the riot on the radio.
4. (to pay attention to)
a. to hear
Me quejé a mucha gente, pero nadie quiso oírme.I complained to many people, but nobody wanted to hear me.
5. (to understand)
a. to get
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
“No lo vuelvas a hacer, ¿me oyes?” dijo el maestro."Don't do it again, got it?" said the teacher.
oírse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to perceive sounds)
a. to sound
¿Qué tal se oye ahí atrás?How does it sound back there?
b. to hear
No se oía nada por el ruido del avión.Nothing could be heard over the noise of the airplane.
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