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Quick answer
"Escritorio" is a noun which is often translated as "desk", and "cerca" is an adverb which is often translated as "close". Learn more about the difference between "escritorio" and "cerca" below.
escritorio(
ehs
-
kree
-
toh
-
ryoh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (furniture)
a. desk
Es más fácil hacer la tarea en un escritorio que la mesa de la cocina.It is easier to do homework at a desk than at the kitchen table.
b. bureau (United Kingdom)
El escritorio de la reina Isabel está hecho de roble.Queen Elizabeth's bureau is made of oak.
2. (office)
a. office
Mi abogado tiene un escritorio en el centro de la ciudad.My lawyer has an office downtown.
3. (computer)
a. desktop
Haz clic en el ícono de la aplicación en el escritorio.Click on the application icon on the desktop.
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cerca(
sehr
-
kah
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (not far)
a. close
El hotel está realmente cerca, así mejor comemos allí.The hotel is really close, so let's just eat lunch there.
b. near
Dice tu hermano que ya está cerca a la estación y que nos puede recoger.Your brother says he's near the station and that he can pick us up.
c. nearby
Mi casa está cerca, pero te aviso que es un desastre.My house is nearby, but I have to warn you that it's a mess.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
2. (enclosure)
a. fence (of wood or wire)
Una casa con una cerca blanca simboliza el sueño americano.A house with a white fence symbolizes the American dream.
b. wall (of stone or brick)
Ningún prisionero podría haber escalado las altas cercas de la cárcel.No prisoner could have scaled the high walls of the prison.
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