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Quick answer
"Es joven" is a phrase which is often translated as "he's young", and "gordo" is an adjective which is often translated as "fat". Learn more about the difference between "es joven" and "gordo" below.
es joven(
ehs
 
hoh
-
behn
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (isn't old; third person singular)
a. he's young (masculine)
Luis está muy deprimido desde que Ana lo dejó. - Bueno, es joven y lo superará.Luis has been very down since Ana left him. - Well, he's young and will get over it.
b. she's young (feminine)
¿Conoces ya a la nueva directora? Es muy joven y despierta.Have you met the new manager? She's very young and bright.
c. it's young
¿Cuántos años tendrá ese perro? - Yo creo que es joven, y que no tiene más de dos años.How old might that dog be? - I think it's young, and no more than two years old.
d. is young
Abelardo es demasiado joven para jubilarse.Abelardo is too young to retire.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(aren't old; second person singular)
a. you're young
Es joven para estar casado y con hijos, ¿no? - No, no tanto, tengo ya 30 años.You're young for being married and with children, aren't you? - No, not really. I'm 30 now.
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gordo(
gohr
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (corpulent)
a. fat
Ese gato está tan gordo que no alcanza saltar al sofá.That cat is so fat it can't jump onto the couch.
b. overweight
Los luchadores de sumo tienen que ser gordos.Sumo wrestlers have to be overweight.
c. heavy
El chico gordo decidió ponerse en forma.The heavy boy decided to get in shape.
2. (not thin)
a. thick
Tengo que leer un libro gordo para mi clase de historia.I have to read a thick book for my history class.
3. (complicated)
a. big
Te vas a meter en un lío gordo si sigues así.You're going to get yourself into big trouble if you keep carrying on like that.
b. serious
Mi hermana me marcó para contarme que le pasó algo gordo en el DF.My sister called me to tell me something serious happened to her in Mexico City.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
4. (overweight person)
a. fat person
El gordo caminó con su perro.The fat man walked with his dog.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
5. (term of endearment)
a. dear
Te ves muy bien, gordo.You look wonderful, dear.
6. (part of a cut of meat)
a. fat
Quítale el gordo a la carne antes de meterla al sartén.Take the fat off the meat before putting it in the pan.
7. (prize)
a. jackpot
Pues, como me gané el gordo, ¡voy a renunciar!Well, since I won the jackpot, I'm going to quit!
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