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"Es alto" is a phrase which is often translated as "he's tall", and "gordo" is an adjective which is often translated as "fat". Learn more about the difference between "es alto" and "gordo" below.
es alto(
ehs
 
ahl
-
toh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (third person singular)
a. he's tall
Es alto y guapo, y también inteligente y simpático.He's tall and handsome, and also intelligent and funny.
b. it's tall
Es alto y moderno, y está ubicado en el centro de la ciudad.It's tall and modern, and it's located in the city center.
c. is tall
El Sr. Pérez es alto y muy gordo.Mr. Perez is tall and very fat.
d. it's high
Es alto en azúcar, no deberías comerlo tan seguido.It's high in sugar, you shouldn't eat it so often
e. is high
El volcán es alto e imponente, pero está inactivo.The volcano is high and impressive, but it's dormant.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(second person singular)
a. you're tall
Es usted más alto de lo que imaginé.You're taller than I imagined.
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gordo(
gohr
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (corpulent)
a. fat
Ese gato está tan gordo que no alcanza saltar al sofá.That cat is so fat it can't jump onto the couch.
b. overweight
Los luchadores de sumo tienen que ser gordos.Sumo wrestlers have to be overweight.
c. heavy
El chico gordo decidió ponerse en forma.The heavy boy decided to get in shape.
2. (not thin)
a. thick
Tengo que leer un libro gordo para mi clase de historia.I have to read a thick book for my history class.
3. (complicated)
a. big
Te vas a meter en un lío gordo si sigues así.You're going to get yourself into big trouble if you keep carrying on like that.
b. serious
Mi hermana me marcó para contarme que le pasó algo gordo en el DF.My sister called me to tell me something serious happened to her in Mexico City.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
4. (overweight person)
a. fat person
El gordo caminó con su perro.The fat man walked with his dog.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
5. (term of endearment)
a. dear
Te ves muy bien, gordo.You look wonderful, dear.
6. (part of a cut of meat)
a. fat
Quítale el gordo a la carne antes de meterla al sartén.Take the fat off the meat before putting it in the pan.
7. (prize)
a. jackpot
Pues, como me gané el gordo, ¡voy a renunciar!Well, since I won the jackpot, I'm going to quit!
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