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Quick answer
"Erudito" is a noun which is often translated as "scholar", and "culto" is an adjective which is often translated as "cultured". Learn more about the difference between "erudito" and "culto" below.
el erudito, la erudita(
eh
-
roo
-
dee
-
toh
)
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (learned person)
a. scholar
Los eruditos concuerdan que el niño es un prodigio.Scholars agree that the child is a prodigy.
b. erudite person
El tutor del príncipe es un erudito y un gran maestro.The prince's tutor is an erudite person and a great teacher.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (knowledgeable)
a. erudite
Esta brillante composición es fruto de una mente erudita.This brilliant composition is the product of an erudite mind.
b. learned
El líder religioso fue conocida por ser una persona sabia y erudita.The religious leader was known for being a wise and learned person.
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culto(
kool
-
toh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (showing good education)
a. cultured
Para ser un hombre de un pueblito, Ron es muy culto.For a man from a small town, Ron's very cultured.
b. educated
Mi abuela fue una mujer culta y ampliamente respetada en su tiempo.My grandmother was an educated and widely respected woman in her time.
2. (erudite)
a. learned
Luis piensa que con usar palabras cultas va a causar mejor impresión.Luis thinks that by using learned words he'll make a better impression.
b. highbrow
A Alma solo le interesa leer literatura culta.Alma's only interested in reading highbrow literature.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
3. (veneration)
a. worship
El culto a la Virgen de Guadalupe está muy extendido en México.The worship of the Virgin of Guadalupe is widespread in Mexico.
b. cult
No sé de dónde viene ese culto a la moda punk.I don't know where that cult of punk fashion comes from.
4. (tribute)
a. homage
Oscar escribió una novela de culto a su abuelo.Oscar wrote a novel as a homage to his grandfather.
5. (group)
a. cult
La policía ha detenido a varios miembros de un culto fanático.The police have arrested several members of a fanatical cult.
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