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Quick answer
"Error" is a noun which is often translated as "mistake", and "equivocar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to get wrong". Learn more about the difference between "error" and "equivocar" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (something incorrect)
a. mistake
Creo que sería un error no admitir que tenemos la culpa.I think it would be a mistake not to admit that we're at fault.
b. error
La página no está cargando por causa de un error en el código.The page isn't loading because of an error in the code.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to mix up)
a. to get wrong
Perdón, equivoqué la dirección de email.Sorry, I got the email address wrong.
2. (to cause to make an error)
a. to make ... go wrong
Cállate un momento. Estos cálculos son complicados y me vas a equivocar.Can you be quiet for a moment? These calculations are complicated, and you're going to make me go wrong.
b. to make ... make a mistake
Me fié de esta app y me equivocó.I trusted this app, but it made me make a mistake.
3. (to make a poor choice of)
a. to choose the wrong
Creo que equivoqué la carrera; mi hermano gana mucho más que yo.I think I chose the wrong career; my brother earns much more than I do.
b. to pick the wrong
Me parece que equivoqué la especialidad, y ahora voy a tener problemas para conseguir trabajo.It looks like I picked the wrong major, and now it will be difficult to get a job.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to make an error; often used with "con")
a. to make a mistake
Apaga la música; no quiero equivocarme.Can you turn the music off? I don't want to make a mistake.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
La empresa reconoce que se equivocó con su respuesta.The company recognizes that it got its response wrong.
El gobierno se equivocó con esta medida.The government got it wrong with this policy.
5. (to be in error; often used with "con")
a. to be wrong
No me equivoqué con él; es un hombre muy amable y sincero.I wasn't wrong about him; he's a very kind, sincere man.
b. to be mistaken
Creo que te equivocas; mi hija nunca haría tal cosa.You must be mistaken; my daughter would never do such a thing.
6. (to confuse; used with "de")
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Mi madre se equivocó de tren y, por consiguiente, no lllegó aquí hasta la una de la madrugada.My mother got on the wrong train and, as a result, didn't get here till one in the morning.
Te equivocaste de mes. El cumpleaños de Fernando es el dos de julio y no el dos de junio.You got the month wrong. Fernando's birthday is the second of July not the second of June.
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