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Quick answer
"Equivocarse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to make a mistake", and "cagar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to shit". Learn more about the difference between "equivocarse" and "cagar" below.
equivocarse(
eh
-
kee
-
boh
-
kahr
-
seh
)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to make an error; often used with "con")
a. to make a mistake
Apaga la música; no quiero equivocarme.Can you turn the music off? I don't want to make a mistake.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
La empresa reconoce que se equivocó con su respuesta.The company recognizes that it got its response wrong.
El gobierno se equivocó con esta medida.The government got it wrong with this policy.
2. (to be in error; often used with "con")
a. to be wrong
No me equivoqué con él; es un hombre muy amable y sincero.I wasn't wrong about him; he's a very kind, sincere man.
b. to be mistaken
Creo que te equivocas; mi hija nunca haría tal cosa.You must be mistaken; my daughter would never do such a thing.
3. (to confuse; used with "de")
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Mi madre se equivocó de tren y, por consiguiente, no lllegó aquí hasta la una de la madrugada.My mother got on the wrong train and, as a result, didn't get here till one in the morning.
Te equivocaste de mes. El cumpleaños de Fernando es el dos de julio y no el dos de junio.You got the month wrong. Fernando's birthday is the second of July not the second of June.
equivocar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to mix up)
a. to get wrong
Perdón, equivoqué la dirección de email.Sorry, I got the email address wrong.
5. (to cause to make an error)
a. to make ... go wrong
Cállate un momento. Estos cálculos son complicados y me vas a equivocar.Can you be quiet for a moment? These calculations are complicated, and you're going to make me go wrong.
b. to make ... make a mistake
Me fié de esta app y me equivocó.I trusted this app, but it made me make a mistake.
6. (to make a poor choice of)
a. to choose the wrong
Creo que equivoqué la carrera; mi hermano gana mucho más que yo.I think I chose the wrong career; my brother earns much more than I do.
b. to pick the wrong
Me parece que equivoqué la especialidad, y ahora voy a tener problemas para conseguir trabajo.It looks like I picked the wrong major, and now it will be difficult to get a job.
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cagar(
kah
-
gahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1.
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(to defecate)
a. to shit
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
¡No puedes cagar a media calle, idiota!You can't shit in the middle of the street, you idiot!
b. to take a shit
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
¿Hay un baño por aquí? Tengo que cagar.Is there a bathroom around here? I have to take a shit.
c. to have a shit
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(United Kingdom)
Si vas a cagar, cómprame una cerveza de regreso del baño.If you're going to have a shit, get me a beer on your way back from the toilet.
d. to crap
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
Tengo que cagar ahora mismo. ¡Ya me anda!I have to crap right now. I can't hold it!
e. to take a crap
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
¿Vas a cagar? - No, solo voy a mear.Are you going to take a crap? - Nah, I'm just going to take a piss.
f. to have a crap
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(United Kingdom)
Voy a cagar antes de que nos vayamos.I'm going to have a crap before we leave.
g. to poop
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
¡Ay, no! La nena cagó en el inodoro que no funciona.Oh no! The little girl pooped in the broken toilet.
h. to poo
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
¡Mamá! ¡Tengo que cagar!Mommy! I need to poo!
2.
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(to have had it) (River Plate)
a. to be screwed
Me quedé sin plata y no traje la tarjeta de crédito. ¡Cagamos!I ran out of money and didn't bring the credit card. We're screwed!
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3.
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(to ruin)
a. to fuck up
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
Cagaste mi cita con tus pendejadas.You fucked up my date with your stupid shit.
b. to spoil
Mariano y Luis se empezaron a pelear y nos cagaron la fiesta.Mariano and Luis started to fight and they spoiled our party.
c. to make a mess of
Guau, realmente cagaste todo, ¿verdad?Wow, you really made a mess of everything, didn't you?
d. to mess up
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Cagué mi proyecto final y reprobé el curso.I messed up my final project and failed the class.
4.
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(to make angry)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. to piss off
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
Me caga que pongan siempre las mismas películas por Navidad.It pisses me off that they always show the same movies at Christmas.
5.
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(to scold)
Regionalism used in Costa Rica
(Costa Rica)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. to tell off
La jefa lo cagó por no terminar el trabajo a tiempo.His boss told him off for not finishing the work on time.
6.
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(to cheat) (River Plate)
a. to rip off
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
El negocio iba muy bien, pero el socio lo cagó y perdió todo.Business was going well, but his partner ripped him off and he lost everything.
cagarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
7.
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(to defecate)
a. to shit oneself
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
¡Sal del baño ya mismo! ¡Me estoy cagando!Get out of the bathroom now! I'm shitting myself!
8.
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(to feel scared)
a. to shit oneself
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
¡Ese tipo se está cagando! - Pues, sí. Digo, el otro boxeador está enorme.That guy is totally shitting himself! - Well, yeah. I mean, the other boxer is huge.
b. to be scared shitless
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
Ayer tenía una entrevista de trabajo pero me cagué y no fui.I had a job interview yesterday, but I was scared shitless and didn't go.
9.
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(to get ruined)
a. to get fucked up
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
Se cagó por completo mi viaje cuando perdí mi pasaporte.My trip got totally fucked up when I lost my passport.
b. to get messed up
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Se nos cagó la computadora cuando se cortó la electricidad.Our computer got messed up when the power went out.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
10.
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(to ruin)
a. to fuck up
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
¡Caray! Ese tipo se cagó totalmente la cara.Jeez! That guy totally fucked his face up.
b. to mess up
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Pedro se cayó de la moto y se cagó la muñeca.Pedro fell off his bike and messed up his wrist.
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