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Quick answer
"Equivocad" is a form of "equivocar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to get wrong". "Ocupad" is a form of "ocupar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to take up". Learn more about the difference between "equivocad" and "ocupad" below.
equivocar(
eh
-
kee
-
boh
-
kahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to mix up)
a. to get wrong
Perdón, equivoqué la dirección de email.Sorry, I got the email address wrong.
2. (to cause to make an error)
a. to make ... go wrong
Cállate un momento. Estos cálculos son complicados y me vas a equivocar.Can you be quiet for a moment? These calculations are complicated, and you're going to make me go wrong.
b. to make ... make a mistake
Me fié de esta app y me equivocó.I trusted this app, but it made me make a mistake.
3. (to make a poor choice of)
a. to choose the wrong
Creo que equivoqué la carrera; mi hermano gana mucho más que yo.I think I chose the wrong career; my brother earns much more than I do.
b. to pick the wrong
Me parece que equivoqué la especialidad, y ahora voy a tener problemas para conseguir trabajo.It looks like I picked the wrong major, and now it will be difficult to get a job.
equivocarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to make an error; often used with "con")
a. to make a mistake
Apaga la música; no quiero equivocarme.Can you turn the music off? I don't want to make a mistake.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
La empresa reconoce que se equivocó con su respuesta.The company recognizes that it got its response wrong.
El gobierno se equivocó con esta medida.The government got it wrong with this policy.
5. (to be in error; often used with "con")
a. to be wrong
No me equivoqué con él; es un hombre muy amable y sincero.I wasn't wrong about him; he's a very kind, sincere man.
b. to be mistaken
Creo que te equivocas; mi hija nunca haría tal cosa.You must be mistaken; my daughter would never do such a thing.
6. (to confuse; used with "de")
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Mi madre se equivocó de tren y, por consiguiente, no lllegó aquí hasta la una de la madrugada.My mother got on the wrong train and, as a result, didn't get here till one in the morning.
Te equivocaste de mes. El cumpleaños de Fernando es el dos de julio y no el dos de junio.You got the month wrong. Fernando's birthday is the second of July not the second of June.
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ocupar(
oh
-
koo
-
pahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to cover)
a. to take up (space)
Los juguetes de los niños ocupan mucho espacio.The kid's toys take up a lot of space.
b. to spend (time)
Ocupa su tiempo libre en leer.She spends her free time reading.
c. to take (seat)
Señoras y señores, por favor ocupen sus asientos. La función está a punto de comenzar.Ladies and gentlemen, please take your seats. The program is about to begin.
d. to fill (vacancy)
Necesitamos ocupar varias vacantes en el departamento.We need to fill several vacancies in the department.
2. (to invade)
a. to occupy
El ejército ocupó el territorio enemigo.The army occupied the enemy's territory.
3. (to hold)
a. to occupy
Ha ocupado el puesto de gerente por casi cinco años.He's occupied the manager position for almost five years.
4. (to live)
a. to occupy
Vamos a ocupar la casa el próximo mes.We'll occupy the house next month.
5. (to be placed at)
a. to be in
El ciclista colombiano ocupa el primer puesto de la clasificación general.The Colombian cyclist is in the first position of the general standings.
6. (to keep busy)
a. to keep occupied
Ya no sé en qué ocupar a los niños.I just don't know how to keep the children occupied anymore.
7. (to hire)
a. to employ
El nuevo proyecto de la industria aeroespacial ocupará a cientos de ingenieros.The new aerospace project will employ hundreds of engineers.
8. (to seize)
a. to confiscate
La policía les ocupó las armas.The police confiscated their weapons.
9. (to utilize)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. to use
Ya no voy a ocupar este software.I'm not using this software anymore.
ocuparse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
10. (to tackle)
a. to deal with
Me ocuparé de este asunto más tarde.I'll deal with this issue later.
11. (to take responsibility)
a. to be in charge of
Yo me ocupaba de las compras y de las exportaciones.I was in charge of purchases and exports.
12. (to look after)
a. to take care of
Tanto el padre como la madre se ocupan de sus hijos.Both the father and the mother take care of their children.
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